It’s a rather new installation of Leap 15.3. It happens randomly, sometimes many times a day, sometimes it’s only once a day.
Sometimes cpu spike goes off after 15 secs. Most of the time it slows down everything till whole system freezes to death. Can’t see any pattern in /var/log/message during the time of cpu spike.
Many times it appears with the snapper service coming up but some freeze doesn’t involve snapper. BTW I don’t know why the snapper time-line service comes up every hour although in the config file it is off (in /etc/snapper/configs/root,** **TIMELINE_CREATE=“no”). It also appears many freeze happen when watching a youtube video but I can’t be sure.
I know. I am just trying to understand where to look.
sudo journalctl -b -p err
Yast2->systemd journal can only show the current boot. The “from date ** to date **” doesn’t work and I don’t know why.
I personally find it harder to diagnose errors for linux than windows. There are so many kinds of logs everywhere: var/log/message, systemd log, x.log, DE log.
I remember in windows, I could just look at system events.
Removes the oldest archived journal files until the disk space they use falls below the specified size (specified with the usual “K”, “M”, “G” and “T” suffixes), or all archived journal files contain no data older than the specified timespan (specified with the usual “s”, “m”, “h”, “days”, “months”, “weeks” and “years” suffixes), or no more than the specified number of separate journal files remain.
Please note that, there are several classes of Journals – the main classes are, the system Journal and, the per-User Journals – normally only the user “root” can access the system Journal but, Users who are members of the “systemd-journal” Group or, the “adm” Group or, the “wheel” Group also have read access to the system Journal. Only Users who are members of the “wheel” Group can also perform systemd Journal maintenance tasks.
[HR][/HR]My personal view is that, the Linux systemd Journal provides more information in a more understandable fashion, than the Windows system events log.
That may well be due to, the fact that the systemd Journal entries are written by the developers, without any management or marketing filters with commercial interest being applied …
If you want a more Windows like openSUSE 15.3 - try gecko linux MATE or XFCE versions - they can be tried on USB or CD and installed from it.
I find btrfs and plasma too hard for windows users and adds all sort of issues not found with with ext4 and MATE - but no snapshots and fewer problems.
I’m also not a great Snapshot fan on small single drive (HDD or SSD) systems –
On my one-drive QNAP NAS I’ve finally chosen a single “thick” volume with no snapshots …
I could have chosen a “static” volume with no Storage Pool but, the QNAP procedures more or less “force” one to choose a Storage Pool with either “thick” or “thin” volumes.
*=2]QNAP doesn’t use Btrfs but, they’ve implemented their own snapshots designed to be used with RAID and Storage Pools – in other words, for the case of super redundant physical storage – which I don’t have (with only one HDD in the box) …
For a desktop system things are still a bit messy. There is still /home/username/.local/share/sddm/xorg-session.log and /var/log/Xorg.0.log. In this particular case, if the crash has been caused by a desktop issue, such graphics driver hiccup, some clues might be found there rather than the journal, it pays to check all of them.
In the case of /var/log/Xorg.0.log, after a restart, there should be a /var/log/Xorg.0.log.old. I think /home/username/.local/share/sddm/xorg-session.log will be overwritten on login, so login as someone else, or login to a text console.
Note also that if the system has crashed, the journal and other log files may be incomplete and lack anything helpful. If only the desktop is hung, an ssh in from another machine/phone/tablet would be worth a go.
From the description of the problem, I have in the past seen such behaviour from GPU/browser interactions, in those cases disabling GPU-acceleration in the browser was effective.
I think Linux is a bit of a mess in these situations. The official KDE/gnome projects neglect to include an official comprehensive log viewer that brings together all the logs. Neither includes a GUI for the systemd-journal. The Linux desktop is a fair-weather friend.
My diagnose got messed up because there were probably two separated sources behind it.
I had much frequent freeze earlier until I disabled the “disk quota” widget that I had enabled just a few days ago. The widget had asked me to install a package to use it but I had ignored it.
When I disabled the widget I still got freeze, but much rarer.
During the last crash I started to notice that 16GB of memory was also full, along with 100% cpu usage. So my current conclusion is that a program might have a memory leak problem (or it cranks up memory usage fast), and I already have a suspect.
So now I’m very careful with running too many programs at the same time and there has not been a freeze any more so far.
Thank you for helping ! I’ve learned quite a lot from the thread…To begin with, I’ll see if baloo/search is good to use today…
Linux has been developed from the UNIX® view that, either the hardware is OK or, it isn’t …
This has lead to the situation that you have pointed out that, there are several places to search for an indication as to what is going on.
On the other hand, even with complex Real-Time systems such as mobile telephony base stations – the boxes attached to the antennas – and other components in telephony networks and, things such as radar systems – nobody really makes much effort to condense the system behavioural reports into a single consistent journal.
DEC came close to this “ideal” with VAX/VMS but, even that wasn’t 100 % perfect and, they had the advantage that, it was/is a proprietary OS running on their own hardware and, no body else’s – their 16-bit OSs had only rudimentary system journaling, if at all – ditto their 12-bit and 18-bit OSs – their 36-bit OSs were somewhat better and paved the way for the 32-bit VAX OS …
Another point is, that when a system
crash or power failure occurs, efforts are made to write as much “useful” information to the system’s journal but, such efforts are often doomed to failure due to the systems “last dying gasp” … - In fact, the only reliable crash information is, that of a process crashing in an other wise healthy system – 99.1678 % of the time, the resulting crash dump is useful enough to be used as a starting point for the analysis as to why the thing “turned belly up” – even if only a garbled entry got written to the system journal …
Normally, provided the applications have been reasonably well written – rubbish code makes it’s self visible by the means of unexpected system behaviour – UNIX® and Linux tend to manage system resources in a sensible fashion – at the expense of the system slowing down when placed under load but, never simply “expiring” …
Bottom line – just how many processes running on any given Linux box is “too many
This approach to the problem is probably most appropriate for a server. It would be nice if there was something simpler in the desktop that just raised a notification if any process consumes a unusual amount of CPU or memory. That way the desktop user has the option of manually investigating such issues before they get out of hand. This won’t deal with every situation, but the common desktop situation is that one program is seriously offending.
Yes, I use the new KDE System Monitor, and KSysGuard before it. But they’re passive instruments, you have to keep an eye on them.
I was suggesting something less passive that raises desktop notifications before things get out of hand. I’m experimenting with a python script that raises a notification if any process burns high amounts of CPU or grows-RSS continuously (one notification per incident) . It’s hard to overlook a notification. Plus I don’t have to watch anything, the script watches for me. I’ve mentioned it before in other threads, most recently in https://forums.opensuse.org/showthread.php/564181-Seasons-greetings-from-under-the-process-tree?p=3093037#post3093037, where in the linked-video, the script raises a notification about 30 seconds in. Normally I leave it minimised in the system tray, and only consult its GUI when I see a notification.
The plasmoids could be enhanced to raise notifications when thresholds are crossed (CPU, power, ram, I/O, …). I might suggest that in the KDE forums, presumably the plasmoids are written in C++ and would be more efficient than python.