Disk error reported by `systemctl`

I’m getting an error message that seems to indicate a disk problem when executing systemctl status.... The message appears only when in a virtual console, however, and I’m having trouble posting a link to an image. I suppose this is a security measure, but it is quite inconvenient at the moment!
http://tomr.fastmail.net/public/systemctl_error.jpg
http://tomr.fastmail.net/public/systemctl_error.jpg

“Having trouble” is not an adequate problem definition. :wink:

You can upload images to https://susepaste.org/ (top right choose image, set to never expire) and post the link to the page (not the image) here.

But the image is not too bad.

Run the following in a virtual console:

**erlangen:~ #** journalctl -b -q _KERNEL_SUBSYSTEM=scsi|susepaste 
Pasted as: 
   https://susepaste.org/32221965 
   https://paste.opensuse.org/32221965 
Link is also in your clipboard. 
**erlangen:~ #**

Post URI: https://paste.opensuse.org/32221965

Cool beans. Thanks!

https://susepaste.org/85950893

And then https://susepaste.org/79508720

This doesn’t appear to be working correctly. My output doesn’t display at the URL. And it expires in 1 hour in any case?

And it expires in 1 hour in any case?

Use the susepaste -e switch:

-e EXPIRE
              for  how  log  will be paste stored on the server. Default is 30 minutes, possible values
              are:
                   30            30 Minutes
                   60             1 Hour
                   360            6 Hours
                   720           12 Hours
                   1440           1 Day
                   10080          1 Week
                   40320          1 Month
                   151200         3 Months
                   604800         1 Year
                   1209600        2 Years
                   1814400        3 Years
                   0                Never

journalctl -b -q _KERNEL_SUBSYSTEM=scsi|susepaste -e 0

So it will never deleted.

But here the susepaste link is not copied automatically to the clipboard, I must copy/paste it by myself.

Thanks. My clipboard is also missing the link. And the output command is not getting piped to susepaste. I’m seeing a bunch of what looks like standard error output in the virtual console in response to a request for the status of any unit.

Odd behavior on this forum page confused me, earlier. I’m used to pasting clipboard contents using the middle mouse button. That doesn’t work, here. Ctl-X must be used, instead. So here’s a link to an image showing the output:http://tomr.fastmail.net/public/systemctl_error.jpg

@tomr08:

I’ve also seen some similar I/O errors on an old drive housed in a USB case –


 # journalctl --no-hostname | grep -iE 'blk_update_'
Mai 16 14:41:26 kernel: blk_update_request: I/O error, dev sdg, sector 58906320 op 0x0:(READ) flags 0x80700 phys_seg 8 prio class 0
Jul 16 19:16:26 kernel: blk_update_request: I/O error, dev sdg, sector 62333824 op 0x0:(READ) flags 0x80700 phys_seg 1 prio class 0
Jul 16 19:16:26 kernel: blk_update_request: I/O error, dev sdg, sector 62333824 op 0x0:(READ) flags 0x0 phys_seg 8 prio class 0
 # 

Bottom line, your system disk (/dev/sda) is suffering from ageing errors – it’ll die, possibly quite soon, if you’re lucky, later …

  • Please check the output of the following command:
 # smartctl --all /dev/sda

What you need to look out for is things such as the following – taken from an older (more than 10 years old) Seagate Barracuda ST3500418AS (7200.12) –


Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 **Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000f   117   099   006    Pre-fail  Always       -       138242537**
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0003   097   097   000    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   094   094   020    Old_age   Always       -       6498
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   036    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 **Seek_Error_Rate         0x000f   082   060   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       190342662**
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   065   065   000    Old_age   Always       -       30744
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   097    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   097   097   020    Old_age   Always       -       3542
183 Runtime_Bad_Block       0x0000   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
184 End-to-End_Error        0x0032   100   100   099    Old_age   Always       -       0
187 Reported_Uncorrect      0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
188 Command_Timeout         0x0032   100   099   000    Old_age   Always       -       4
189 High_Fly_Writes         0x003a   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel 0x0022   057   053   045    Old_age   Always       -       43 (Min/Max 22/43)
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   043   047   000    Old_age   Always       -       43 (0 12 0 0 0)
195 **Hardware_ECC_Recovered  0x001a   021   021   000    Old_age   Always       -       138242537**
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0010   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x003e   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
240 Head_Flying_Hours       0x0000   100   253   000    Old_age   Offline      -       40603 (9 38 0)
241 Total_LBAs_Written      0x0000   100   253   000    Old_age   Offline      -       450443749
242 Total_LBAs_Read         0x0000   100   253   000    Old_age   Offline      -       2945388020

Yes, yes, I know, for Seagate Barracuda drives, the Raw Read and Seek error rates don’t mean much due to a discrepancy between the Seagate value reported and S.M.A.R.T. – the ECC Recovered value is also not worth much but, for this case as an example, they’re a hint for where one should look when inspecting a drive for a possible near future total failure …

  • BTW, these values are taken from a HDD which happens to be installed in the system but, isn’t being used – it ain’t normally mounted …

Disk trouble:

File system is clean:

**erlangen:~ #** fsck -f /dev/sdb3 
fsck from util-linux 2.36.2 
e2fsck 1.46.2 (28-Feb-2021) 
Pass 1: Checking inodes, blocks, and sizes 
Pass 2: Checking directory structure 
Pass 3: Checking directory connectivity 
Pass 4: Checking reference counts 
Pass 5: Checking group summary information 
HDD: 1273079/244195328 files (0.7% non-contiguous), 447883359/976753920 blocks 
**erlangen:~ #**

However numerous errors occur:

**erlangen:~ #** journalctl -o short-monotonic -b 0 _KERNEL_SUBSYSTEM=scsi -g sdb 
-- Journal begins at Sat 2021-07-17 20:44:14 CEST, ends at Tue 2021-07-20 13:16:02 CEST. -- 
    0.762570] erlangen kernel: **sd 3:0:0:0: ****sdb****] 7814037168 512-byte logical blocks: (4.00 TB/3.64 TiB)**
    0.762579] erlangen kernel: **sd 3:0:0:0: ****sdb****] 4096-byte physical blocks**
    0.762595] erlangen kernel: **sd 3:0:0:0: ****sdb****] Write Protect is off**
    0.762599] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: **sdb**] Mode Sense: 00 3a 00 00
    0.762625] erlangen kernel: **sd 3:0:0:0: ****sdb****] Write cache: enabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA**
    0.899394] erlangen kernel: **sd 3:0:0:0: ****sdb****] Attached SCSI disk**
   82.587665] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#2 FAILED Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE cmd_age=2s 
   82.587666] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#2 Sense Key : Medium Error [current]  
   82.587668] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#2 Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed 
   82.587669] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#2 CDB: Read(16) 88 00 00 00 00 00 00 b1 c8 00 00 00 04 00 00 00 
   83.862378] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#12 FAILED Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE cmd_age=0s 
   83.862386] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#12 Sense Key : Medium Error [current]  
   83.862392] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#12 Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed 
   83.862398] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#12 CDB: Read(16) 88 00 00 00 00 00 00 b1 ca d8 00 00 00 08 00 00 
   84.031682] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#20 FAILED Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE cmd_age=0s 
   84.031691] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#20 Sense Key : Medium Error [current]  
   84.031696] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#20 Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed 
   84.031702] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#20 CDB: Read(16) 88 00 00 00 00 00 00 b1 ca d8 00 00 00 08 00 00 
 1629.818909] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#28 FAILED Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE cmd_age=3s 
 1629.818917] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#28 Sense Key : Medium Error [current]  
 1629.818922] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#28 Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed 
 1629.818928] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#28 CDB: Read(16) 88 00 00 00 00 00 00 b1 d4 00 00 00 0a 00 00 00 
 1633.479151] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#1 FAILED Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE cmd_age=7s 
 1633.479159] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#1 Sense Key : Medium Error [current]  
 1633.479165] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#1 Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed 
 1633.479171] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#1 CDB: Read(16) 88 00 00 00 00 00 00 b1 de 00 00 00 0a 00 00 00 
 1636.989827] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#21 FAILED Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE cmd_age=3s 
 1636.989836] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#21 Sense Key : Medium Error [current]  
 1636.989841] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#21 Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed 
 1636.989847] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#21 CDB: Read(16) 88 00 00 00 00 00 00 b1 d7 88 00 00 00 08 00 00 
 1647.570525] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#9 FAILED Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE cmd_age=4s 
 1647.570533] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#9 Sense Key : Medium Error [current]  
 1647.570539] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#9 Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed 
 1647.570544] erlangen kernel: sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] tag#9 CDB: Read(16) 88 00 00 00 00 00 00 b2 0b 88 00 00 0a 00 00 00 
**erlangen:~ #**



Smart attributes:

**erlangen:~ #** smartctl -A /dev/sdb                                                       
smartctl 7.2 2020-12-30 r5155 [x86_64-linux-5.13.2-1-default] (SUSE RPM) 
Copyright (C) 2002-20, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, [www.smartmontools.org](http://www.smartmontools.org) 

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION === 
SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16 
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds: 
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE 
**  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x002f   200   200   051    Pre-fail  Always       -       492 **
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0027   180   175   021    Pre-fail  Always       -       8000 
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   094   094   000    Old_age   Always       -       6865 
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   200   200   140    Pre-fail  Always       -       0 
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x002e   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0 
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   083   083   000    Old_age   Always       -       12800 
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0 
 11 Calibration_Retry_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0 
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   098   098   000    Old_age   Always       -       2374 
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       68 
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0032   198   198   000    Old_age   Always       -       6827 
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   113   110   000    Old_age   Always       -       39 
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0 
**197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       3 **
**198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0030   200   200   000    Old_age   Offline      -       2 **
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0 
**200 Multi_Zone_Error_Rate   0x0008   200   200   000    Old_age   Offline      -       120 **

**erlangen:~ #** 

“READ FPDMA QUEUED” error is common for Samsung SATA drives + old ATI/AMD south bridges.
Post info about hardware. You may use inxi utility.
Test system with NCQ being turned off.

This is an old Thinkpad I’ve been nursing along:

tom@linux-weh4:~> inxi

**CPU:** Dual Core Intel Core2 Duo T9400 (-MCP-) **speed/min/max:** 798/800/2534 MHz  
**Kernel:** 5.3.18-lp152.81-default x86_64 **Up:** 09:27:04  up 1 day  0:08,  4 users,  load average: 1.37, 1.06, 0.95  
**Mem:** 3527.3/7884.3 MiB (44.7%) **Storage:** 465.76 GiB (38.4% used) **Procs:** 317 **Shell:** bash 4.4.23 **inxi:** 3.1.00
tom@linux-weh4:~> sudo smartctl --all /dev/sda
smartctl 7.0 2019-05-21 r4917 [x86_64-linux-5.3.18-lp152.81-default] (SUSE RPM)
Copyright (C) 2002-18, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Seagate Momentus 7200.4
Device Model:     ST9500420AS
Serial Number:    5VJC2XLF
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000c50 03885c352
Firmware Version: 0003LVM1
User Capacity:    500,107,862,016 bytes [500 GB]
Sector Size:      512 bytes logical/physical
Rotation Rate:    7200 rpm
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4
SATA Version is:  SATA 2.6, 3.0 Gb/s (current: 3.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Tue Jul 20 09:35:43 2021 PDT
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x82) Offline data collection activity
                                        was completed without error.
                                        Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      ( 121) The previous self-test completed having
                                        the read element of the test failed.
Total time to complete Offline  
data collection:                (    0) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:                    (0x7b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                                        Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
                                        Suspend Offline collection upon new
                                        command.
                                        Offline surface scan supported.
                                        Self-test supported.
                                        Conveyance Self-test supported.
                                        Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
                                        power-saving mode.
                                        Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01) Error logging supported.
                                        General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine  
recommended polling time:        (   1) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:        ( 109) minutes.
Conveyance self-test routine
recommended polling time:        (   2) minutes.
SCT capabilities:              (0x103b) SCT Status supported.
                                        SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
                                        SCT Feature Control supported.
                                        SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 10
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000f   097   078   034    Pre-fail  Always       -       84367557
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0003   100   099   000    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   097   097   020    Old_age   Always       -       4022
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   036    Pre-fail  Always       -       14
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000f   090   060   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       5376905559
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   047   047   000    Old_age   Always       -       46623 (22 211 0)
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   097    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   097   097   020    Old_age   Always       -       3741
184 End-to-End_Error        0x0032   100   100   099    Old_age   Always       -       0
187 Reported_Uncorrect      0x0032   001   001   000    Old_age   Always       -       21268
188 Command_Timeout         0x0032   100   097   000    Old_age   Always       -       38655623642
189 High_Fly_Writes         0x003a   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel 0x0022   060   050   045    Old_age   Always       -       40 (Min/Max 31/44)
191 G-Sense_Error_Rate      0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       151
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   089   087   000    Old_age   Always       -       23577
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0032   001   001   000    Old_age   Always       -       3164047
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   040   050   000    Old_age   Always       -       40 (0 9 0 0 0)
195 Hardware_ECC_Recovered  0x001a   041   030   000    Old_age   Always       -       84367557
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x000f   054   054   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       41120 (32461 0)
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       206
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0010   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       206
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x003e   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
254 Free_Fall_Sensor        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
ATA Error Count: 1840 (device log contains only the most recent five errors)
        CR = Command Register [HEX]
        FR = Features Register [HEX]
        SC = Sector Count Register [HEX]
        SN = Sector Number Register [HEX]
        CL = Cylinder Low Register [HEX]
        CH = Cylinder High Register [HEX]
        DH = Device/Head Register [HEX]
        DC = Device Command Register [HEX]
        ER = Error register [HEX]
        ST = Status register [HEX]
Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as
DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes,
SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It "wraps" after 49.710 days.

Error 1840 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 46613 hours (1942 days + 5 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 51 00 ff ff ff 0f  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x0fffffff = 268435455

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  60 00 08 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:26.968  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 00 08 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:26.963  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 00 20 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:26.961  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 00 08 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:26.960  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 00 08 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:26.960  READ FPDMA QUEUED

Error 1839 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 46613 hours (1942 days + 5 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 51 00 ff ff ff 0f  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x0fffffff = 268435455

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  60 00 08 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:18.023  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  ef 10 03 00 00 00 a0 00  35d+12:20:18.018  SET FEATURES [Enable SATA feature]
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00  35d+12:20:18.007  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT [OBS-ACS-3]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 a0 00  35d+12:20:18.006  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 02 00 00 00 00 a0 00  35d+12:20:18.006  SET FEATURES [Enable write cache]

Error 1838 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 46613 hours (1942 days + 5 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 51 00 ff ff ff 0f  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x0fffffff = 268435455

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  60 00 30 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:15.079  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 00 08 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:15.075  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 00 20 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:15.072  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 00 50 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:15.005  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 00 08 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:20:15.003  READ FPDMA QUEUED

Error 1837 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 46613 hours (1942 days + 5 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 51 00 ff ff ff 0f  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x0fffffff = 268435455

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  60 00 08 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:19:39.896  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  61 00 98 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:19:39.895  WRITE FPDMA QUEUED
  ea 00 00 00 00 00 a0 00  35d+12:19:39.894  FLUSH CACHE EXT
  ef 10 03 00 00 00 a0 00  35d+12:19:39.890  SET FEATURES [Enable SATA feature]
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00  35d+12:19:39.880  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT [OBS-ACS-3]

Error 1836 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 46613 hours (1942 days + 5 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 51 00 ff ff ff 0f  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x0fffffff = 268435455

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  60 00 08 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:19:36.952  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  61 00 08 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:19:36.952  WRITE FPDMA QUEUED
  ea 00 00 00 00 00 a0 00  35d+12:19:36.926  FLUSH CACHE EXT
  61 00 20 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:19:36.926  WRITE FPDMA QUEUED
  61 00 20 ff ff ff 4f 00  35d+12:19:36.925  WRITE FPDMA QUEUED

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
Num  Test_Description    Status                  Remaining  LifeTime(hours)  LBA_of_first_error
# 1  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     46616         416983104
# 2  Short offline       Completed without error       00%     46592         -
# 3  Short offline       Completed without error       00%     46568         -
# 4  Short offline       Completed without error       00%     46544         -
# 5  Short offline       Completed without error       00%     46520         -
# 6  Short offline       Completed without error       00%     46496         -
# 7  Short offline       Completed without error       00%     46472         -
# 8  Short offline       Completed without error       00%     46448         -
# 9  Short offline       Completed without error       00%     46424         -
#10  Short offline       Completed without error       00%     46400         -
#11  Short offline       Completed without error       00%     46376         -
#12  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     46352         407669475
#13  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     46328         407669475
#14  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     46304         407669475
#15  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     46280         407669475
#16  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     46256         407669475
#17  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     46232         407669475
#18  Extended offline    Completed: read failure       90%     46230         407669475
#19  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     46208         407669475
#20  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     46184         407669475
#21  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     46160         407669475

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.


Old Seagate HDD in a laptop… OK, ILL it is dying.
You may replace it with SSD.

Thanks. It’s difficult to justify sinking more money into this old thing even though it’s been a great machine:

I presume the following is an indication of imminent failure:

ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000f   097   078   034    Pre-fail  Always       -       84367557

I’ve never seen anything but similarly huge numbers for this RAW_VALUE on any Seagate.

Among serious problems are the following (you want to see the bold numbers be zero, no read failures in completed tests):



  - 196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x000f   054   054   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       **41120**
 (32461 0)
  - 197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       **206**

  - 198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0010   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       **206**

  - # 1  Short offline       Completed: **read failure**
       90%     46616         416983104

46623 power on hours equates to 5.3 years continuous uptime. With due speed is the time for this disk’s replacement.

Cool. I just snagged a 500 GB SSD at Crucial.com for $60. I can’t believe the free hardware. I was thinking it would be more like $150.

https://www.crucial.com/ssd/bx500/ct480bx500ssd1
$55. Cheap. Rather slow. No DRAM cache. Plastic case, can overheat itself.

https://www.crucial.com/ssd/mx500/ct500mx500ssd1
Better one.

Thanks. I got lucky and ordered the better one. The overheating could be an issue. This old Thinkpad runs a little warm and is on its 2nd fan/heatsink.