openSUSE update-rc.d equivalent


in Debian based distributions, one can easily manage init-scripts, i.e. placing links from /etc/init.d/ to /etc/rc(0…6).d/ directories respectively removing them (to enable/disable services in appropriate runlevels) with a script called “update-rc.d”. Is there an equivalent for openSUSE available?

In Debian based distributions it works like that:

update-rc.d <service> defaults

to create the appropriate links in /etc/rc(0…6).d/ and

update-rc.d -f <service> remove

to remove them.

Obviously these commands are just the basics, but I think you got the idea.


In openSUSE you use */etc/init.d/skeleton *to make a new script in /etc/init.d/. This skeleton contains special comments (they are comments for the shell, but used by YaST) to describe on which runlevels the start/stop must be.

Once done, the script will show in YaST > System > System Services (runlevel) and can be switched on/off from there (making the links, etc).

In SUSE it isn’t done that way. One common mistake for users coming from Redhat or Debian based distros is to try to create/delete the links from /etc/init.d to /etc/rcN.d, either manually or via a program such as update-rc.d.

SUSE uses the metadata in the comments at the top of the file to manage the links and the correct sequencing. To enable a service you use chkconfig, as in:

chkconfig --set someservice on


chkconfig --set someservice off

and the appropriate links will be created/deleted. For finer control over levels, you can use

chkconfig --level 35 someservice on

like in Redhat. In SUSE you don’t have to worry about the sequence number, because the system will work it out from the dependencies. That is why you see the numbers clustered nearer 00 than Redhat systems.

Of course, non-power users would use YaST, which calls chkconfig, to manage the services.

chkconfig --set someservice on
chkconfig --set someservice off

Awesome, thanks! Exactly what I was looking for. I’ll try this asap!