Is the newbie installation okay?

Hi,

I have one hour back installed openSUSE 11.4, can one confirm if it had been done in the correct way?

The output of ‘sudo /sbin/fdisk -l’ is as follows:

Disk /dev/sda: 250.1 GB, 250059350016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30401 cylinders, total 488397168 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0001fe0c

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048    48226303    24112128   83  Linux
/dev/sda2        48226304    58718207     5245952   82  Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda3        58718208   488376319   214829056    f  W95 Ext'd (LBA)
/dev/sda5        58720256   488359935   214819840   83  Linux

I don’t know why extended is not taking /dev/sda4 and in the sda3 line, W95 (LBA)…please can one let me know if I need to reinstall?

Thanks.

On 12/15/2011 03:16 PM, opensuse121 wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> I have one hour back installed openSUSE 11.4, can one confirm if it had
> been done in the correct way?

please tell us what you intended to do, like:

  1. dual boot with another operating system? which one?

  2. triple boot with two other operating systems? which ones?

  3. single boot to openSUSE

and, did you use the partitioner on the install disk, or some other?

please show us the terminal input/output from


df -hlT
cat /proc/partitions
cat /etc/fstab
mount
sudo cat /boot/grub/menu.lst

copy/paste the in/output back to this thread using the instructions
here: http://goo.gl/i3wnr


DD http://tinyurl.com/DD-Caveat
openSUSE®, the “German Engineered Automobiles” of operating systems!

Hi,

There are the details:-

  1. No it is not dual booted but taking the entire disk space, whole of 250 GB. So it is only the single booted openSUSE 11.4 KDE from Live CD.

  2. df -hlT:

Filesystem    Type    Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
rootfs      rootfs     23G  2.8G   19G  13% /
devtmpfs  devtmpfs    996M  172K  996M   1% /dev
tmpfs        tmpfs   1001M  1.2M 1000M   1% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1     ext4     23G  2.8G   19G  13% /
/dev/sda5     ext4    202G  369M  192G   1% /home

  1. cat /proc/partitions:
major minor  #blocks  name

   8        0  244198584 sda
   8        1   24112128 sda1
   8        2    5245952 sda2
   8        3          1 sda3
   8        5  214819840 sda5

  1. cat /etc/fstab:
/dev/disk/by-id/ata-ST3250318AS_9VM11JX0-part2 swap                 swap       defaults              0 0
/dev/disk/by-id/ata-ST3250318AS_9VM11JX0-part1 /                    ext4       acl,user_xattr        1 1
/dev/disk/by-id/ata-ST3250318AS_9VM11JX0-part5 /home                ext4       acl,user_xattr        1 2
proc                 /proc                proc       defaults              0 0
sysfs                /sys                 sysfs      noauto                0 0
debugfs              /sys/kernel/debug    debugfs    noauto                0 0
devpts               /dev/pts             devpts     mode=0620,gid=5       0 0

  1. mount:
devtmpfs on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,relatime,size=1019208k,nr_inodes=215656,mode=755)
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,relatime)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,relatime,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000)
/dev/sda1 on / type ext4 (rw,relatime,user_xattr,acl,barrier=1,data=ordered)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,relatime)
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,relatime)
debugfs on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw,relatime)
/dev/sda5 on /home type ext4 (rw,relatime,user_xattr,acl,barrier=1,data=ordered)
securityfs on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw,relatime)
none on /proc/fs/vmblock/mountPoint type vmblock (rw,relatime)

  1. sudo cat /boot/grub/menu.lst:
root's password:
# Modified by YaST2. Last modification on Thu Dec 15 09:03:25 EST 2011
# THIS FILE WILL BE PARTIALLY OVERWRITTEN by perl-Bootloader
# Configure custom boot parameters for updated kernels in /etc/sysconfig/bootloader                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                               
default 0                                                                                                                                                                                      
timeout 8                                                                                                                                                                                      
##YaST - generic_mbr
gfxmenu (hd0,0)/boot/message
##YaST - activate

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: linux###
title openSUSE 11.4
    root (hd0,0)
    kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.37.1-1.2-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-ST3250318AS_9VM11JX0-part1 resume=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-ST3250318AS_9VM11JX0-part2 splash=silent quiet showopts vga=0x317
    initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.37.1-1.2-default

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: failsafe###
title Failsafe -- openSUSE 11.4
    root (hd0,0)
    kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.37.1-1.2-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-ST3250318AS_9VM11JX0-part1 showopts apm=off noresume nosmp maxcpus=0 edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 nomodeset x11failsafe vga=0x317
    initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.37.1-1.2-default

If you could explain also, I would be highly thankful.

Thanks.

I also don’t know why /dev/sda4 is not there!

sudo /sbin/fdisk -l:

Disk /dev/sda: 250.1 GB, 250059350016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30401 cylinders, total 488397168 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0001fe0c

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048    48226303    24112128   83  Linux
/dev/sda2        48226304    58718207     5245952   82  Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda3        58718208   488376319   214829056    f  W95 Ext'd (LBA)
/dev/sda5        58720256   488359935   214819840   83  Linux

I am really sorry, I read this line at the end, so pasted the results here itself.

On 12/15/2011 08:56 AM, opensuse121 wrote:
>
> I also don’t know why /dev/sda4 is not there!
>
> sudo /sbin/fdisk -l:
>
>
> Code:
> --------------------
> Disk /dev/sda: 250.1 GB, 250059350016 bytes
> 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30401 cylinders, total 488397168 sectors
> Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
> Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
> I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
> Disk identifier: 0x0001fe0c
>
> Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
> /dev/sda1 * 2048 48226303 24112128 83 Linux
> /dev/sda2 48226304 58718207 5245952 82 Linux swap / Solaris
> /dev/sda3 58718208 488376319 214829056 f W95 Ext’d (LBA)
> /dev/sda5 58720256 488359935 214819840 83 Linux

True, a partition table may have 4 primary partitions, thus sda4 could exist. In
your case, sda3 is an extended one, thus it is only a container for partitions.
As sda4 can only be a primary, thus it cannot be in the extended partition, the
numbering skips it. This setup is fine.

Technically, with only 3 data partitions on the disk, an extended partition
would not be needed; however, using one allows the maximum flexibility.

The final answer is “do not worry about it”.

When you want to know more about partitions and the like: SDB:Basics of partitions, filesystems, mount points - openSUSE

So here sda3 is acting as a primary partition (with no.3 and it is extended containing other extended partitions, simply /home)?

Okay, I was thinking of re-installation, but if okay then I skip the re-installation.

Okay, maximum flexibility means what? What I can do with that?

Okay. Apart from it, there is also one more thing I am not able to know. That in the output ‘fdisk -l’, there is a line:

/dev/sda3        58718208   488376319   214829056    f  W95 Ext'd (LBA)

Here ‘f’ means formatted means already done or to be done or what does it signify here? And the same for ‘W95’. I am sure ‘Ext’d’ is Extended, ‘LBA’ should be logical (inside the lofical?).

Thanks.

You were asking this same question in IRC

It’s fine OK

Though you have a gap at the end of the extended before the start of sda5 logical

Your extended partition wasn’t created by openSUSE from what I see, but if it’s working and you can live with it being a bit messy. Fine

Yes thanks. Since installation is really exciting but confusing too. Well, but why that W95 was coming, I don’t know since suse only is in the entire disk!

W95
Is a reference windows

I suspect the HD has been used by windows or partitioned with some windows partitioning tool.

If you want to have SUSE use the entire HD and don’t know how to partition, you can just follow these steps
http://dl.dropbox.com/u/10573557/12.1_install/06_partition_suggestion.jpg
Then at this image choose the top option
http://dl.dropbox.com/u/10573557/12.1_install/07_partition_create.jpg
Yours will be slightly different, as those sample images are in a VM

That will let SUSE partition the HD for you
Wiping everything and re-partitioning for you

On install you an always go to expert mode and set it up exactly as you would like.It tell you what it plans before actually doing it. if you just click buy the scheme that was proposed then… After all how smart do you think an installer is. It can not read you mind and we have no idea what state the partition where when you installed. But what you have is ok.

Well thanks but really I tried for editing (from re-installation) and got stuck but finally wiped out everything (backup was already taken), and did the basic very basic installation such that now the output of ‘sudo /sbin/fdisk -l’ is as simple as:

Disk /dev/sda: 250.1 GB, 250059350016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30401 cylinders, total 488397168 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0001fe0c

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048    48226303    24112128   83  Linux
/dev/sda2        48226304    58718207     5245952   82  Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda3        58718208   488376319   214829056   83  Linux

While other options like W95 or anything like custom would be typical right now and I could be able to do that after sometime. I did this only, so now there is no extended partition at all. I hope having not an extended partition is not a problem at all, so finally I update the system from Yast?

I really should have seen those links earlier even before my first trials for learning but now since the installation is done, it is okay, I would try custom installation later (after reading about it).

> I am really sorry, I read this line at the end, so pasted the results
> here itself.

it worked ok…doing it the way i specified just makes it easier to
read…the way you did it was good enough…


DD http://tinyurl.com/DD-Caveat
openSUSE®, the “German Engineered Automobiles” of operating systems!

Well with this simple installation only, I am going to update the system, would see other things on some other pc, this pc for only one base installation - for no experimentation!

> so finally I update the system from Yast?

yes, use YaST > Online Update


DD http://tinyurl.com/DD-Caveat
openSUSE®, the “German Engineered Automobiles” of operating systems!

On 2011-12-15 17:46, opensuse121 wrote:
>
> Yes thanks. Since installation is really exciting but confusing too.
> Well, but why that W95 was coming, I don’t know since suse only is in
> the entire disk!

If you refer to the type of the “sda3” being “W95 Ext’d (LBA)” there is
nothing wrong or strange with that. I have the same thing and Windows never
touched my disks.


Cheers / Saludos,

Carlos E. R.
(from 11.4 x86_64 “Celadon” at Telcontar)

Oh I see. But now okay and I have updated everything. Should the orphaned packages coming in Yast be deleted/removed completely, after the installation?

Thanks.

You should stop worrying and just start using the system and enjoy it! lol!