enabling ssi in linux (.shtml)

i want to be able to use .shtml files but when i open them in browser it shows me the code itself what is the error…

how do i enable ssi in suse 10.3 i have the default installation

Hash: SHA1

This question isn’t specific to SUSE, but would fit better with Apache.
Anyway, a quick Google search turned up the following:


keywords: apache shtml enable

Good luck.

googlehelper wrote:
> i want to be able to use .shtml files but when i open them in browser it
> shows me the code itself what is the error…
> how do i enable ssi in suse 10.3 i have the default installation
Version: GnuPG v1.4.2 (GNU/Linux)
Comment: Using GnuPG with Mozilla - http://enigmail.mozdev.org


And since OpenSUSE has been shipping Apache 2.x for a while, you probably want the more up to date doco.

Apache Tutorial: Introduction to Server Side Includes - Apache HTTP Server

i am using open sue 10.3 i have gone through them but they dont match with opensue’s apache. i cant find mod_include file only

plz just tell me how to do it in suse 10.3

You just need mod_include. To enable it, make sure “include” is one of the modules listed in APACHE_MODULES in /etc/sysconfig/apache2 and then follow the examples in the tutorial. (I think it is by default.)

Good luck, I can’t help you anymore because I don’t use SSI. The reason few people use SSI these days is because of the popularity of PHP and other embedded interpreters which can do much more.

contents of the file you mentioned /etc/sysconfig/apache2

Path: Network/WWW/Apache/SuSEhelp

Description: SuSE help doc server configuration

Type: yesno

Default: no

Config: apache

ServiceRestart: apache


Set this to yes on the central documentation server

or to configure apache for local use of susehelp.

Then the online-help-system indices are automatically adjusted

and access to the help-files is allowed as specified in DOC_ALLOW.

To run as a client for the central documentation server who’s name

is specified in DOC_HOST, just set DOC_SERVER to no.

The DOC_HOST and DOC_ALLOW variables are in the file /etc/sysconfig/susehelp.


Path: Network/WWW/Apache2

Description: Configuration for Apache 2

Type: string

Default: “”

ServiceRestart: apache2

Here you can name files, separated by spaces, that should be Include’d from


This allows you to add e.g. VirtualHost statements without touching

/etc/apache2/httpd.conf itself, which makes upgrading easier.


Type: string

Default: “”

ServiceRestart: apache2

Here you can name directories, separated by spaces, that should be Include’d

from httpd.conf.

All files contained in these directories will be recursively included by apache.

If a pattern like *.conf is appended, apache will use it.

Examples: “/etc/apache2/my_conf/”


“local/*.conf /srv/www/virtual/”


Type: string

Default: “actions alias auth_basic authz_host authn_file authz_groupfile authz_default authz_user autoindex cgi dir env expires include log_config mime negotiation setenvif ssl suexec userdir php5”

ServiceRestart: apache2

[It might look silly to not simply edit httpd.conf for the LoadModule statements.

However, since the LoadModule statements might need an absolute path to the modules,

switching between MPMs can be quite a hassle. It’s easier to just give the names here.]

* list of all modules shipped with the base distribution:

actions alias asis auth_basic auth_digest authn_alias authn_anon

authn_dbd authn_dbm authn_default authn_file authnz_ldap authz_dbm

authz_default authz_groupfile authz_host authz_owner authz_user

autoindex bucketeer cache case_filter case_filter_in cern_meta cgi

charset_lite dav dav_fs dav_lock dbd deflate dir disk_cache dumpio

echo env expires ext_filter file_cache filter headers ident imagemap

include info ldap log_config log_forensic logio mem_cache mime mime_magic

negotiation optional_fn_export optional_fn_import optional_hook_export

optional_hook_import proxy proxy_ajp proxy_balancer proxy_connect

proxy_ftp proxy_http rewrite setenvif speling ssl status suexec unique_id

userdir usertrack version vhost_alias

see Module Index - Apache HTTP Server !

* It pays to use IfDefine statements… like

<IfModule mod_xyz.c>


* In the APACHE_MODULES variable, you can use mod_xyz or just xyz syntax.

You may also name an absolute path if you like.

* NOTE ON MOD_SSL: before you can enable this module, you need a server certificate.

A test certificate can be created by entering

‘cd /usr/share/doc/packages/apache2; ./certificate.sh’ as root.

Also, you need to set the ServerName inside the <VirtualHost default:443>

block to the fully qualified domain name (see /etc/HOSTNAME).

* if your server certificate is protected by a passphrase you should increase the


* modules listed here will be ignored if they are not installed


fairly minimal

APACHE_MODULES=“authz_host alias auth dir log_config mime setenvif”

apache’s default installation

APACHE_MODULES=“authz_host actions alias asis auth autoindex cgi dir imap include log_config mime negotiation setenvif status userdir”

your settings

APACHE_MODULES=“actions alias auth_basic authn_file authz_host authz_groupfile authz_default authz_user authn_dbm autoindex cgi dir env expires include log_config mime negotiation setenvif ssl suexec userdir php5”

Type: string

Default: “”

ServiceRestart: apache2

Additional server flags:

Put here any server flags (“Defines”) that you want to hand over to

httpd at start time, or other command line flags.

Background: Any directives within an <IfDefine flag>…</IfDefine>

section are only processed if the flag is defined.

This allows to write configuration which is active only in a

special cases, like during server maintenance, or for testing

something temporarily.

Notably, to enable SSL support, ‘SSL’ needs to be added here.

To enable the server-status, ‘STATUS’ needs to be added here.

It does not matter if you write flag1, -D flag1 or -Dflag1.

Multiple flags can be given as “-D flag1 -D flag2” or simply “flag1 flag2”.

Specifying such flags here is equivalent to giving them on the commandline.

(e.g. via rcapache2 start -DReverseProxy)


“SSL STATUS AWSTATS SVN_VIEWCVS no_subversion_today”


Type: string

Default: “”

ServiceRestart: apache2

Which config file do you want to use?

(if not set, /etc/apache2/httpd.conf is used.)

It is unusual to need to use this setting.


Type: list(prefork,worker)

Default: “”

ServiceRestart: apache2

MPM (multi-processing module) to use.

Needed to determine with which MPM apache will run, as well as

against which header files modules will be built.

If not set, the system will simply pick one of the installed MPMs.

The implementation of the logic is in /usr/share/apache2/find_mpm,

a script which can be used standalone as well if needed.


Type: string

Default: “”

ServiceReload: apache2

email address of the server administrator (ServerAdmin directive)

This address is added to the server’s responses if APACHE_SERVERSIGNATURE

is set to “email”.

If empty ("") it defaults to webmaster@$FQHOSTNAME, where FQHOSTNAME is

taken from /etc/HOSTNAME.

Note that ServerAdmin directives inside VirtualHost statements are not

changed, even not the one in the stock SSL virtual host block.


Type: string

Default: “”

ServiceReload: apache2

ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.

This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify

it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.

If this is not set to valid DNS name for your host, server-generated

redirections will not work. See also the UseCanonicalName directive.

If your host doesn’t have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.

You will have to access it by its address anyway, and this will make

redirections work in a sensible way.


Type: integer

Default: 2

timeout during server startup (seconds)

after this time, the start script decides wether the httpd process started without error.

Increase it, if you use mod_ssl and your certificate is passphrase protected!


Type: list(on,off,email)

Default: “on”

ServiceReload: apache2

Configures the footer on server-generated documents

This correlates to the ServerSignature directive.


Type: list(debug,info,notice,warn,error,crit,alert,emerg)

Default: “warn”

ServiceReload: apache2

LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.


Type: string

Default: “/var/log/apache2/access_log combined”

ServiceRestart: apache2

The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).

If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>

container, they will be logged here. Contrarywise, if you do

define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be

logged therein and not in this file.

Simply set it to empty, if you configure it yourself somewhere else.


If you would like to have agent and referer logfiles:

setting it to “/var/log/apache2/referer_log referer, /var/log/apache2/agent_log agent”

corresponds to

CustomLog /var/log/apache2/referer_log referer

CustomLog /var/log/apache2/agent_log agent

If you prefer a single logfile with access, agent, and referer information

(Combined Logfile Format):

setting it to “/var/log/apache2/access_log combined”

corresponds to

CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access_log combined

APACHE_ACCESS_LOG="/var/log/apache2/access_log combined"

Type: list(On,Off,DNS)

Default: “Off”

ServiceReload: apache2

UseCanonicalName: Determines how Apache constructs self-referencing

URLs and the SERVER_NAME and SERVER_PORT variables.

When set “Off”, Apache will use the Hostname and Port supplied

by the client. When set “On”, Apache will use the value of the

ServerName directive.


Type: list(Major,Minor,Minimal,ProductOnly,OS,Full)

Default: “OS”

ServiceReload: apache2

How much information the server response header field contains about the server.

(installed modules, versions, etc.)

see core - Apache HTTP Server


Type: list(on,off)

Default: “off”

ServiceReload: apache2

If mod_status is used, include extended information about the server, like

CPU usage, in the status report. It is a server-wide setting, and it can cost

some performance!


Type: list(on,off)

Default: “off”

ServiceRestart: apache2

Enable buffered logging


Type: integer

Default: 300

ServiceReload: apache2

Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.

It is a server wide setting.


It’s in there, see this line?

APACHE_MODULES=“actions alias auth_basic authn_file authz_host authz_groupfile authz_default authz_user authn_dbm autoindex cgi dir env expires include log_config mime negotiation setenvif ssl suexec userdir php5”

See the include? That’s short for mod_include.

You didn’t have to post the whole file.