I have installed Opensuse 11.1 on a software Raid 1 architecture.
I would like to clone this config on 4 other PCs.
It is easy to create the partition on the new host:
save master config
sfdisk -d /dev/sda >/mnt/SYSTEME/OpenSuse11.1/sda-partitions.txt
sfdisk -d /dev/sdb >/mnt/SYSTEME/OpenSuse11.1/sdb-partitions.txt
create partitions on the new host
sfdisk /dev/sda </mnt/SYSTEME/OpenSuse11.1/sda-partitions.txt
sfdisk /dev/sdb </mnt/SYSTEME/OpenSuse11.1/sdb-partitions.txt
where /mnt/SYSTEME is a nfs file system.
But how can I (automaticaly) duplicate de Raid config with mdadm ?
I need the same UUID (found in /etc/mdadm.conf) and the same architecture (in /proc/mdstat). Doing this by hand is a little bit dangerous (easy to make mistakes!).
I had a glance at mkraid and raidtab but it does not exist anymore in OpenSuse 11.1.
Thanks for your help or suggestions.
Yes, /etc/mdadm.conf is optional. But, if I have fully understood the man page, if this file doesn’t exist I have to add specific options to allow mdadm to identify the raid config.
Moreover, when I backup the master PC, I have this /etc/mdadm.conf file and it will be restored on all the PCs. And the uuids could be differents in this file and in the raid1 partitions…
One simple way could be a “dd” on /dev/sda to clone all the raid partitions. It works fine but restoring on the second PC with
dd if=mybakupfile of=/dev/sda
runs for 6 to 7 hours!
sda is 250Gbytes but I only use 5 Gbytes with the OS.
Well, so why not just clone those 5GB?
I hope, you did not format the array like 250GB for /.
So you have to be able to “identify” the 5GB like /dev/sda<x> or /dev/mapper/<vg>-<lv> (for lvm) or whatever - otherwise it would be hard to mount and use them. And that you can copy using dd (dd does not need disks as input/output, it even works with plain files for both of them - to a certain extent).
If not: there is a program simply called “dump” which should be able to dump a complete filesystem. Unfortunately, i doubt this is contained on rescue media.
Concerning the UUIDs in /etc/mdadm.conf i would suggest you to install some dummy system on each of the destination machines containing the correct disc setup (partitioning, raid, lvm) but only minimal software content. I hope (!), this is faster than a regular install. Then save the mdadm.conf, containing the UUIDs for this machine.
After this, copy the “data”, but, before booting the cloned system, mount it from some rescue system and replace the mdadm.conf file by the one saved before from the dummy system.
Please be aware: i never had your problem, so what i explained is pure theory.
(But as you can not - yet - really “damage” anything on the other three systems, it should not be dangerous to try out)
I’ve done some progress with this duplication of OpenSuse system on software Raid1. This is the procedure I use but I have still a question…
- boot with a live cd (knoppix in this case) and become root:
- start nfs:
- mount a NFS partition for backup
- mount -t nfs backuphost:/the/backup/filesystem /mnt
*- backup one disk with dd, compress ans split the backup in 2Gb files. The -bs option is important: less than 2 hours with bs=1k, 4 hours with default value!
dd if=/dev/sda conv=sync,noerror bs=1k |gzip -9 -c | split -d -b 2000m - /mnt/sda.gz
- boot the new PC with a live cd (knoppix in this case) and become root:
- start nfs:
- /etc/init.d/portmap start
*- mount read-only the NFS partition with the backup
- mount -t nfs -o ro backuphost:/the/backup/filesystem /mnt
- restaure /dev/sda with dd (same remark about block size):
cat /mnt/sda.gz |gzip -d -c |dd of=/dev/sda bs=1k
- dupicate /dev/sda on /dev/sdb
dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sdb bs=4k
But after rebooting, the Raid is not available. /proc/mdstat shows that I have only /dev/sdbx partitions available. So I have to readd all /dev/sda? partitions to the Raid:
- mdadm --manage /dev/md0 --re-add /dev/sda2
mdadm --manage /dev/md1 --re-add /dev/sda6
looking in /proc/mdstat is strange as the recovery percent can reach 140% for a /dev/md? device ???
Any idea about these behavior (raid not available, recovery info) ?
- with OpenSuse 11 you should edit /etc/udev/*-persitent-net-rules to remove information about the previous network interface (the one of the backed up system) and change the renamed network interface name of the current PC from eth1 to eth0 to allow the network scripts to work.