I shutdown the machine and disconnected all disks other than the flash stick. I powered on and allowed the machine to boot from the flash stick. Shortly I saw the green lightbulb logo and then the menu.
Boot from Hard Disk
I moved the hilight to More and pressed Enter. I was presented another menu as follows:
Boot Linux System
Check Installation Media *
I moved the hilight to Check Installation Media and pressed Enter. After a short time I was confronted with a scary red text box with Ok button stating exactly the following:
The media check does not work when you use a USB. If the checksum is correct, and no errors were reported when writing to the USB flash drive, then all is probably fine.
When I first tried the media check on a USB, it told me “insert the CD or DVD to be checked, and hit ENTER”. The only other time that I tried, it reported an error.
If you write the iso to a DVD, and then check the size of the DVD (by reading it back and counting bytes), you will get exactly the size of the iso file. But when you do write to a USB, you will get the size of the USB rather than the size of what was written. I think that’s what interferes with checking.
I think I have succeded in making an intact copy of the image on the flash stick. This time I am using a block size of 1, which I think will ensure that no partial writes can happen. I know this makes the copy take longer, but after quite some research I am convinced it is the only safe way to use dd.
# parted /dev/sdb print
Model: Kingston DataTraveler 3.0 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sdb: 31.0GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
1 1892kB 5763kB 3871kB primary esp
2 5763kB 4659MB 4653MB primary boot, hidden
# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdb count=100
100+0 records in
100+0 records out
51200 bytes (51 kB) copied, 0.000490528 s, 104 MB/s
# wc -c openSUSE*.iso
# dd bs=1 count=4658823168 of=/dev/sdb < openSUSE*.iso
4658823168+0 records in
4658823168+0 records out
4658823168 bytes (4.7 GB) copied, 11750.3 s, 396 kB/s
# cmp --bytes=4658823168 /dev/sdb openSUSE*.iso
I still get the error when I choose *Check Installation Media
good to read that clear remarks - I was just coming across the same message of the installer while installing tumbleweed …
Now this isn’t a good idea.
Because if the data is stored in blocks of e.g. 512 bytes on the USB stick/key then each block has to be flashed physically 512 times before its contents are complete - which clearly results in a lot of wear of that USB stick/key, and which will thus reduce its lifetime more than is necessary without having any benefits.