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Thread: starting from a "server (text mode)" install

  1. #1
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    Default starting from a "server (text mode)" install

    Here's my build starting from a Leap 42.3 net installer.

    During installation:
    Choose "Server (text mode)".
    Disable "use this password for system administrator" and "automatic login".
    Enable the firewall.

    Get X:
    zypper in -t pattern x11

    Get a display manager:
    zypper in lightdm

    Get a window manager:
    zypper in openbox

    Get sound:
    zypper in pulseaudio

    Patch packages:
    zypper patch

    To load a graphical interface run 'lightdm' as root.

    Set the system to load lightdm automatically:
    YaST › System › Services Manager and set the Default System Target to Graphical Interface.

    ---

    I've since added:
    zypper in --no-recommends -t pattern xfce
    zypper in xfce4-terminal mousepad xfce4-panel-plugin-pulseaudio
    zypper in chromium

    Pulseaudio can be started by:
    pulseaudio --start
    or
    pulseaudio-module-x11 (I assume)

    ---

    Please let me know if I've missed something fundamental. ;-]

  2. #2
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    Default Re: starting from a "server (text mode)" install

    Problems with restart and shutdown via the xfce menu were solved by adding
    exec dbus-launch --exit-with-session startxfce4
    to my ~/.xinitrc

  3. #3
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    Default Re: starting from a "server (text mode)" install

    Adding a graphical Desktop to a text-only "Server" system can be an adventure.

    I don't have the name of the pattern off the top of my head, but it's a unique collection of packages which have to be uninstalled manually because some of those packages block the proper operation of a graphical Desktop.

    My advice generally is...
    If you don't have security concerns, install the "MinimalX" configuration, ie with x-window system in the initial install. That should prevent that special text-mode server install from being installed, and ease any future upgrade adding a full Desktop. The space and resource usage of a "MinimalX" system is nearly identical to a text-mode system, so is not an issue on tiny, limited resource deployments.

    As for what you should do if you're already starting from a text-mode system...
    My general recommendation is to just pave and start over.
    Else, find the name of that pattern I'm describing, list its contents and remove each and all of them as part of your adding a new Desktop.

    TSU
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  4. #4
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    Default Re: starting from a "server (text mode)" install

    Quote Originally Posted by tsu2 View Post
    Adding a graphical Desktop to a text-only "Server" system can be an adventure.

    I don't have the name of the pattern off the top of my head, but it's a unique collection of packages which have to be uninstalled manually because some of those packages block the proper operation of a graphical Desktop.

    My advice generally is...
    If you don't have security concerns, install the "MinimalX" configuration, ie with x-window system in the initial install. That should prevent that special text-mode server install from being installed, and ease any future upgrade adding a full Desktop. The space and resource usage of a "MinimalX" system is nearly identical to a text-mode system, so is not an issue on tiny, limited resource deployments.

    As for what you should do if you're already starting from a text-mode system...
    My general recommendation is to just pave and start over.
    Else, find the name of that pattern I'm describing, list its contents and remove each and all of them as part of your adding a new Desktop.

    TSU
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  5. #5
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    Default Re: starting from a "server (text mode)" install

    Quote Originally Posted by Knurpht View Post
    Where did you read it's not working ?
    He got it to work... for now.
    Am saying... To do it right and have a high degree of success takes more than a dbus configuration.

    Knock on wood, he won't run into any future problems, but I hope I've provided a starting point for anyone in his situation to get a full result.

    TSU
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  6. #6
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    Default Re: starting from a "server (text mode)" install

    Thanks. :-]
    I totally ignored the "custom" option on install for some reason.

    This was/is a beneficial learning experience,
    specifically in regard to display managers.

    I switched to XDM, which apparently came with the x11 pattern,
    and found that the xfce shutdown works fine without the ~/.xinitrc file.

  7. #7
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    Default Re: starting from a "server (text mode)" install

    The xfce panel's volume control has a mute feature that works;
    however, it will not unmute.

    To solve this I
    zypper in pavucontrol
    > pavucontrol
    Output devices -> Built-in audio analog stereo -> Headphones -> unmute

  8. #8
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    Default Re: starting from a "server (text mode)" install

    Quote Originally Posted by ravas View Post
    The xfce panel's volume control has a mute feature that works;
    however, it will not unmute.

    To solve this I
    zypper in pavucontrol
    > pavucontrol
    Output devices -> Built-in audio analog stereo -> Headphones -> unmute
    Actually, Xfce's panel volume control: Right click, Run Audio Mixer, and you can unmute it there.

    Yes, I also found that simply unchecking the Right click => Mute did not work, but opening the Mixer solves that.
    -Gerry Makaro
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  9. #9
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    Default Re: starting from a "server (text mode)" install

    For me unmuting headphones in the mixer also doesn't work -- it only works in pavucontrol.

  10. #10
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    Default Re: starting from a "server (text mode)" install

    Actually... I now see it mutes three things: Master, Headphones and Front.
    I needed to unmute all of them.

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