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Thread: Installed APACHE Web Server returning "403 Forbidden" Http response

  1. #1

    Question Installed APACHE Web Server returning "403 Forbidden" Http response

    After successfully installing the Apache HTTPD web server and taking a break, I tried to retrieve the default index.html from the server using http://localhost in my browser. Every time I try to access the server, it returns the HTTP response code 403 forbidden with the message "You don't have permission to access / on this server." and I assume that by /, it means the DocumentRoot folder that is specified in the httpd.conf file. I am running openSUSE version 12 and using Apache server version 2.4.2. Sorry if I sound ignorant or childish, I am only 14 years old and I have not previously worked with web servers.

    This is my httpd.conf:
    Code:
    #
    # This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
    # configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
    # See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/> for detailed information.
    # In particular, see 
    # <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/directives.html>
    # for a discussion of each configuration directive.
    #
    # ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
    # configuration, error, and log files are kept.
    #
    # Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
    # ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to specify a local disk on the
    # Mutex directive, if file-based mutexes are used.  If you wish to share the
    # same ServerRoot for multiple httpd daemons, you will need to change at
    # least PidFile.
    #
    ServerRoot "/root/APACHE"
    
    #
    # Mutex: Allows you to set the mutex mechanism and mutex file directory
    # for individual mutexes, or change the global defaults
    #
    # Uncomment and change the directory if mutexes are file-based and the default
    # mutex file directory is not on a local disk or is not appropriate for some
    # other reason.
    #
    # Mutex default:logs
    
    #
    # Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
    # ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
    # directive.
    #
    # Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
    # prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
    #
    #Listen 12.34.56.78:80
    Listen 2464
    
    LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so
    #LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
    #LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so
    #LoadModule authn_dbd_module modules/mod_authn_dbd.so
    #LoadModule authn_socache_module modules/mod_authn_socache.so
    LoadModule authn_core_module modules/mod_authn_core.so
    LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so
    LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
    LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so
    #LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
    #LoadModule authz_owner_module modules/mod_authz_owner.so
    #LoadModule authz_dbd_module modules/mod_authz_dbd.so
    LoadModule authz_core_module modules/mod_authz_core.so
    LoadModule access_compat_module modules/mod_access_compat.so
    LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so
    #LoadModule auth_form_module modules/mod_auth_form.so
    #LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so
    #LoadModule allowmethods_module modules/mod_allowmethods.so
    #LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so
    #LoadModule cache_module modules/mod_cache.so
    #LoadModule cache_disk_module modules/mod_cache_disk.so
    #LoadModule socache_shmcb_module modules/mod_socache_shmcb.so
    #LoadModule socache_dbm_module modules/mod_socache_dbm.so
    #LoadModule socache_memcache_module modules/mod_socache_memcache.so
    #LoadModule dbd_module modules/mod_dbd.so
    #LoadModule dumpio_module modules/mod_dumpio.so
    #LoadModule buffer_module modules/mod_buffer.so
    #LoadModule ratelimit_module modules/mod_ratelimit.so
    LoadModule reqtimeout_module modules/mod_reqtimeout.so
    #LoadModule ext_filter_module modules/mod_ext_filter.so
    #LoadModule request_module modules/mod_request.so
    #LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so
    LoadModule filter_module modules/mod_filter.so
    #LoadModule substitute_module modules/mod_substitute.so
    #LoadModule sed_module modules/mod_sed.so
    #LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so
    LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so
    LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so
    #LoadModule log_debug_module modules/mod_log_debug.so
    #LoadModule logio_module modules/mod_logio.so
    LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
    #LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so
    LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
    #LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
    LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
    LoadModule version_module modules/mod_version.so
    #LoadModule remoteip_module modules/mod_remoteip.so
    #LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
    #LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
    #LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
    #LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
    #LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module modules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
    #LoadModule proxy_scgi_module modules/mod_proxy_scgi.so
    #LoadModule proxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
    #LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
    #LoadModule proxy_express_module modules/mod_proxy_express.so
    #LoadModule session_module modules/mod_session.so
    #LoadModule session_cookie_module modules/mod_session_cookie.so
    #LoadModule session_dbd_module modules/mod_session_dbd.so
    #LoadModule slotmem_shm_module modules/mod_slotmem_shm.so
    #LoadModule lbmethod_byrequests_module modules/mod_lbmethod_byrequests.so
    #LoadModule lbmethod_bytraffic_module modules/mod_lbmethod_bytraffic.so
    #LoadModule lbmethod_bybusyness_module modules/mod_lbmethod_bybusyness.so
    #LoadModule lbmethod_heartbeat_module modules/mod_lbmethod_heartbeat.so
    LoadModule unixd_module modules/mod_unixd.so
    #LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so
    LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so
    LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so
    #LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so
    #LoadModule cgid_module modules/mod_cgid.so
    #LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so
    #LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
    #LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so
    LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
    #LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so
    #LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
    #LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so
    LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so
    #LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
    
    <IfModule unixd_module>
    #
    # If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
    # httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
    #
    # User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
    # It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
    # running httpd, as with most system services.
    #
    User daemon
    Group daemon
    
    </IfModule>
    
    # 'Main' server configuration
    #
    # The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
    # server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
    # <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
    # any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
    #
    # All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
    # in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
    # virtual host being defined.
    #
    
    ServerAdmin robobenklein@gmail.com
    
    #
    # ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
    # This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
    # it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
    #
    # If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
    #
    #ServerName www.example.com:80
    
    #
    # Deny access to the entirety of your server's filesystem. You must
    # explicitly permit access to web content directories in other 
    # <Directory> blocks below.
    #
    <Directory />
        AllowOverride none
        Require all denied
    </Directory>
    
    #
    # DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
    # documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
    # symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
    #
    DocumentRoot "/root/APACHE/htdocs"
    <Directory "/root/APACHE/htdocs">
        #
        # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
        # or any combination of:
        #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
        #
        # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
        # doesn't give it to you.
        #
        # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
        # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options
        # for more information.
        #
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    
        #
        # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
        # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
        #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
        #
        AllowOverride None
    
        #
        # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
        #
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
    
    #
    # DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
    # is requested.
    #
    <IfModule dir_module>
        DirectoryIndex index.html
    </IfModule>
    
    #
    # The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
    # viewed by Web clients. 
    #
    <Files ".ht*">
        Require all denied
    </Files>
    
    ErrorLog "logs/error_log"
    
    LogLevel warn
    
    <IfModule log_config_module>
        #
        # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
        # a CustomLog directive (see below).
        #
        LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
        LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
    
        <IfModule logio_module>
          # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
          LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
        </IfModule>
    
        CustomLog "logs/access_log" common
    
        #
        # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
        # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
        #
        #CustomLog "logs/access_log" combined
    </IfModule>
    
    <IfModule alias_module>
        #
        # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
        # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
        # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
        # Example:
        # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar
    
        #
        # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
        # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
        # Example:
        # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
        #
        # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
        # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
        # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
        # the filesystem path.
    
        #
        # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
        # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
        # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
        # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
        # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
        # directives as to Alias.
        #
        ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/root/APACHE/cgi-bin/"
    
    </IfModule>
    
    <IfModule cgid_module>
        #
        # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
        # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
        #
        #Scriptsock logs/cgisock
    </IfModule>
    
    #
    # "/root/APACHE/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
    # CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
    #
    <Directory "/root/APACHE/cgi-bin">
        AllowOverride None
        Options None
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
    
    <IfModule mime_module>
        #
        # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
        # filename extension to MIME-type.
        #
        TypesConfig conf/mime.types
    
        #
        # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
        # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
        #
        #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
        #
        # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
        # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
        #
        #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
        #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
        #
        # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
        # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
        #
        AddType application/x-compress .Z
        AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
    
        #
        # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
        # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
        # or added with the Action directive (see below)
        #
        # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
        # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
        #
        #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi
    
        # For type maps (negotiated resources):
        #AddHandler type-map var
    
        #
        # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
        #
        # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
        # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
        #
        #AddType text/html .shtml
        #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
    </IfModule>
    
    #MIMEMagicFile conf/magic
    
    #
    # Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
    # 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
    #
    # Some examples:
    #ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
    #ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
    #ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
    #ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
    #
    
    # Server-pool management (MPM specific)
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf
    
    # Multi-language error messages
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf
    
    # Fancy directory listings
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf
    
    # Language settings
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf
    
    # User home directories
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf
    
    # Real-time info on requests and configuration
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf
    
    # Virtual hosts
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
    
    # Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf
    
    # Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf
    
    # Various default settings
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf
    
    # Configure mod_proxy_html to understand HTML4/XHTML1
    <IfModule proxy_html_module>
    Include conf/extra/proxy-html.conf
    </IfModule>
    
    # Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
    #
    # Note: The following must must be present to support
    #       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
    #       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
    #
    <IfModule ssl_module>
    SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
    SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
    </IfModule>

  2. #2
    Join Date
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    Default Re: Installed APACHE Web Server returning "403 Forbidden" Http response

    The document root appears to be controlled by this:
    Code:
    DocumentRoot "/root/APACHE/htdocs"
    <Directory "/root/APACHE/htdocs">
        
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
    So your browser is looking at directory htdocs locate at /root/APACHE/htdocs

    Q1: Does that exist?
    Q2: is there an index file in it (e.g. index.html or index.php)?

    If there is a "no" answer to either Q1 or Q2 then you will get the 403 response (correctly in that case).
    Leap 42.3 & 15.1 &KDE
    FYIs from the days of yore

  3. #3
    Join Date
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    Default Re: Installed APACHE Web Server returning "403 Forbidden" Http response

    Very often "forbidden" points to an accessabilty problem on the server. Thus you shouuld check if the process owner:group of the server processes (normaly wwwrun:www) can access the pages to be served (their owner:group and access bits).
    Henk van Velden

  4. #4
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    Default Re: Installed APACHE Web Server returning "403 Forbidden" Http response

    On 2012-11-27 08:36, swerdna wrote:
    >
    > The document root appears to be controlled by this:
    >
    > Code:
    > --------------------
    > DocumentRoot "/root/APACHE/htdocs"
    > <Directory "/root/APACHE/htdocs">
    >
    > Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    > AllowOverride None
    > Require all granted
    > </Directory>
    > --------------------
    >
    >
    > So your browser is looking at directory htdocs locate at
    > /root/APACHE/htdocs
    >
    > Q1: Does that exist?
    > Q2: is there an index file in it (e.g. index.html or index.php)?
    >
    > If there is a "no" answer to either Q1 or Q2 then you will get the 403
    > response (correctly in that case).


    Not only that. The directory /root must also be word readable, which is
    a security risk.

    It is best to leave that variable at the original setting, /srv/ something.

    --
    Cheers / Saludos,

    Carlos E. R.
    (from 11.4 x86_64 "Celadon" (Minas Tirith))

  5. #5
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    Default Re: Installed APACHE Web Server returning "403 Forbidden" Http response

    Quote Originally Posted by robin_listas View Post
    On 2012-11-27 08:36, swerdna wrote:
    >
    > The document root appears to be controlled by this:
    >
    > Code:
    > --------------------
    > DocumentRoot "/root/APACHE/htdocs"
    > <Directory "/root/APACHE/htdocs">
    >
    > Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    > AllowOverride None
    > Require all granted
    > </Directory>
    > --------------------
    >
    >
    > So your browser is looking at directory htdocs locate at
    > /root/APACHE/htdocs
    >
    > Q1: Does that exist?
    > Q2: is there an index file in it (e.g. index.html or index.php)?
    >
    > If there is a "no" answer to either Q1 or Q2 then you will get the 403
    > response (correctly in that case).


    Not only that. The directory /root must also be word readable, which is
    a security risk.

    It is best to leave that variable at the original setting, /srv/ something.

    --
    Cheers / Saludos,

    Carlos E. R.
    (from 11.4 x86_64 "Celadon" (Minas Tirith))
    O yes, my answer was simply a standard reply and I did not look realy into what you configured. But Carlos did and having a website inside the home directory of root is not ... well, how does one explain that in a diplomatic style?

    The place to be is /srv/www/htdocs/. And all in there should f course be readable by the server processes. My advice, make everything inside /srv of group www. And make everything there readable (directories searchable) for group.
    And as owner I advise a seperate user (not the one you use for your normal home activeties like writing letters to aunt Annie or banking, or listening music, etc). And of course never root.
    Henk van Velden

  6. #6
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    Default Re: Installed APACHE Web Server returning "403 Forbidden" Http response

    On 2012-11-27 12:16, hcvv wrote:
    >
    > robin_listas;2506919 Wrote:



    > The place to be is /srv/www/htdocs/. And all in there should f course
    > be readable by the server processes. My advice, make everything inside
    > /srv of group www. And make everything there readable (directories
    > searchable) for group.


    The thing is, that there is a sample setup that works as is without
    touching anything. I think it has a sample html that simply says "It
    works!" - just install apache and it runs out of the box. Then you start
    hacking. If it doesn't work, reverse work.

    --
    Cheers / Saludos,

    Carlos E. R.
    (from 11.4 x86_64 "Celadon" (Minas Tirith))

  7. #7
    Vahis NNTP User

    Default Re: Installed APACHE Web Server returning "403 Forbidden" Http response

    robobenklein wrote:
    >
    > After successfully installing the Apache HTTPD web server and taking a
    > break, I tried to retrieve the default *index.html* from the server
    > using 'http://*localhost*' (http://<strong>localhost</strong>) in my
    > browser.


    I don't know what you mean by those stars or bold/strong in the address.

    But an address 'http://localhost' should work, providing that your
    server is listening in default http port 80.

    However:

    <snip>
    This is my *httpd.conf*:

    <snip>

    > #
    > # Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
    > # ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
    > # directive.
    > #
    > # Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to
    > # prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
    > #
    > #Listen 12.34.56.78:80
    > Listen 2464
    >

    <snip>


    That's odd. It's listening to port 2464.

    Vahis
    --
    http://waxborg.servepics.com
    openSUSE 11.4 (x86_64) 2.6.37.6-0.20-default main host
    openSUSE 12.2 (x86_64) 3.6.7-12-desktop Tumbleweed in VirtualBox
    openSUSE 12.2 (i586) 3.4.11-2.16-desktop in EeePC 900

  8. #8

    Default Re: Installed APACHE Web Server returning "403 Forbidden" Http response

    Thank you all for your feedback and help on this topic, I didn't expect so many responses so soon.

    Vahis:
    Sorry if I sounded confusing, on many of my previous forums i used a lot of bold, underline, and other text tricks in order to help people get the gist without having to read the thread very thoroughly.
    When you saw the port "2464", that was the port that my old server used to run on. I am currently using No-IP.com's free domain services to reroute the port 80 to my port "2464."
    swerdna:

    The document index.html exists within the folder. Good to see you checked me, thanks.
    hcvv and robin_listas:
    I will change the serve directory to /srv/www/htdocs and move my files there, then how should I go about setting the file permissions?

    Thank you guys so much! Hope I'm not too much of a newb!

    -robo

  9. #9
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    Default Re: Installed APACHE Web Server returning "403 Forbidden" Http response

    On 2012-11-30 22:36, robobenklein wrote:
    > I will change the serve directory to /srv/www/htdocs and move
    > my files there, then how should I go about setting the file permissions?


    Just install the apache from the repository with the sample files
    (apache2-example-pages), get it working. After it works, you modify one
    step at a time whatever you need.

    --
    Cheers / Saludos,

    Carlos E. R.
    (from 12.1 x86_64 "Asparagus" at Telcontar)

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