I've been looking to use Kile on another computer and I wanted to save my color scheme instead of having to waste time doing it all over again on the other computer. A long google search only yielded that other people wondered the same thing, but no solutions. I finally worked it out, and thought I would share, and hopefully it will save someone else a little time if they want to do this.

Kile's color schemes are saved in the file /home/<user>/.kde4/share/config/kateschemarc