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Thread: samba help

  1. #1

    Default samba help

    I need some assistance with getting my windows and openSuSE machines talking. I'm using my old samba config file that I had working on a debian box and so far I can use pcman to manually type in the address of the windows machine (smb://192.168.1.4) and I can browse the files. But the windows machine cannot see the linux box at all. The windows machine is XP and doesn't have any extra firewalls. I just tested a ping and it seems to be able to ping the linux box.

  2. #2
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    Default Re: samba help

    In openSUSE firewall you allow communications. Go to firewall "allowed services" and "add" netbios server, samba server and samba client. Then try from windows \\192.168.1.X again.
    Check that you have the same workgroup name in XP ans openSUSE.
    Check that nmb and smb are switched on -- run this command:
    Code:
    su -c "rcnmb status; rcsmb status"
    . You should get two returns saying "running".

    If that doesn't allow access, post here the contents of the file smb.conf, located at /etc/samba/smb.conf.

    Here are some more tips: Samba and Suse: HowTo Set up an openSUSE-Windows Home Office LAN/Network. Versions 11.x

    In openSUSE 11.4 there is a bug associated with AppArmour that interferes with samba, are you using 11.4? Anyway, the command that I listed above will test for it.
    Leap 42.3 & 15.1 &KDE
    FYIs from the days of yore

  3. #3

    Default Re: samba help

    I forgot to mention I turned the suse firewall off.

    Here re the contents of smb.conf

    Code:
    
    #======================= Global Settings =======================
    
    [global]
    
    ## Browsing/Identification ###
    
    name resolve order = bcast lmhosts host wins
    
    usershare allow guests = yes
    map to guest = Bad user
    
    # Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
       workgroup = GALAXY
    
    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
       server string = %h server
    
    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
    # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
    #   wins support = no
    
    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
    # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
    ;   wins server = w.x.y.z
    
    # This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
       dns proxy = no
    
    # What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names
    # to IP addresses
    ;   name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast
    
    #### Networking ####
    
    # The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
    # This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
    # interface names are normally preferred
    ;   interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0
    
    # Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
    # 'interfaces' option above to use this.
    # It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
    # not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself.  However, this
    # option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
    ;   bind interfaces only = yes
    
    
    
    #### Debugging/Accounting ####
    
    # This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
    # that connects
       log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
    
    # Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
       max log size = 1000
    
    # If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
    # parameter to 'yes'.
    #   syslog only = no
    
    # We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
    # should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
    # through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
       syslog = 0
    
    # Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
       panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d
    
    
    ####### Authentication #######
    
    # "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account
    # in this server for every user accessing the server. See
    # /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/ServerType.html
    # in the samba-doc package for details.
    #   security = user
    
    # You may wish to use password encryption.  See the section on
    # 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.
       encrypt passwords = yes
    
    # If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
    # password database type you are using.  
       passdb backend = tdbsam
    
       obey pam restrictions = yes
    
    # This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
    # password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
    # passdb is changed.
       unix password sync = yes
    
    # For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
    # parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for
    # sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
       passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
       passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .
    
    # This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
    # when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
    # 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
       pam password change = yes
    
    ########## Domains ###########
    
    # Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC
    # must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must
    # change the 'domain master' setting to no
    #
    ;   domain logons = yes
    #
    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the location of the user's profile directory
    # from the client point of view)
    # The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the
    # samba server (see below)
    ;   logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
    # Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
    # (this is Samba's default)
    #   logon path = \\%N\%U\profile
    
    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
    # point of view)
    ;   logon drive = H:
    #   logon home = \\%N\%U
    
    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
    # in the [netlogon] share
    # NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
    ;   logon script = logon.cmd
    
    # This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
    # RPC pipe.  The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
    # password; please adapt to your needs
    ; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u
    
    # This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the 
    # SAMR RPC pipe.  
    # The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
    ; add machine script  = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u
    
    # This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
    # RPC pipe.  
    ; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g
    
    ########## Printing ##########
    
    # If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
    # than setting them up individually then you'll need this
    #   load printers = yes
    
    # lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the
    # printcap file
    ;   printing = bsd
    ;   printcap name = /etc/printcap
    
    # CUPS printing.  See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the
    # cupsys-client package.
    ;   printing = cups
    ;   printcap name = cups
    
    ############ Misc ############
    
    # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
    # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
    # of the machine that is connecting
    ;   include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m
    
    # Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
    # See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/speed.html
    # for details
    # You may want to add the following on a Linux system:
    #         SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
    #   socket options = TCP_NODELAY
    
    # The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package
    # installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are
    # working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba.
    ;   message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s' &
    
    # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this
    # machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you
    # must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended.
    #   domain master = auto
    
    # Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
    # for something else.)
    ;   idmap uid = 10000-20000
    ;   idmap gid = 10000-20000
    ;   template shell = /bin/bash
    
    # The following was the default behaviour in sarge,
    # but samba upstream reverted the default because it might induce
    # performance issues in large organizations.
    # See Debian bug #368251 for some of the consequences of *not*
    # having this setting and smb.conf(5) for details.
    ;   winbind enum groups = yes
    ;   winbind enum users = yes
    
    # Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
    # with the net usershare command.
    
    # Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.
    ;   usershare max shares = 100
    
    #======================= Share Definitions =======================
    
    [homes]
       comment = Home Directories
       browseable = no
    
    # By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
    # next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
       read only = yes
    
    # File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
    # create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
       create mask = 0700
    
    # Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
    # create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
       directory mask = 0700
    
    # By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
    # with access to the samba server.
    # The following parameter makes sure that only "username" can connect
    # to \\server\username
    # This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
       valid users = %S
    
    # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
    # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
    ;[netlogon]
    ;   comment = Network Logon Service
    ;   path = /home/samba/netlogon
    ;   guest ok = yes
    ;   read only = yes
    
    # Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
    # users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
    # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
    # The path below should be writable by all users so that their
    # profile directory may be created the first time they log on
    ;[profiles]
    ;   comment = Users profiles
    ;   path = /home/samba/profiles
    ;   guest ok = no
    ;   browseable = no
    ;   create mask = 0600
    ;   directory mask = 0700
    
    [printers]
       comment = All Printers
       browseable = no
       path = /var/spool/samba
       printable = yes
       guest ok = no
       read only = yes
       create mask = 0700
    
    # Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
    # printer drivers
    [print$]
       comment = Printer Drivers
       path = /var/lib/samba/printers
       browseable = yes
       read only = yes
       guest ok = no
    # Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
    # You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
    # admin users are members of.
    # Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
    # to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
    ;   write list = root, @lpadmin
    
    # A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.
    ;[cdrom]
    ;   comment = Samba server's CD-ROM
    ;   read only = yes
    ;   locking = no
    ;   path = /cdrom
    ;   guest ok = yes
    
    # The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the
    #	cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain
    #	an entry like this:
    #
    #       /dev/scd0   /cdrom  iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user   0 0
    #
    # The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the
    #
    # If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD
    #	is mounted on /cdrom
    #
    ;   preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom
    ;   postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom
    
    [DaveHome]
    path = /home/dave
    available = yes
    valid users = 
    read only = no
    browsable = yes
    public = yes
    writable = yes

  4. #4
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    Default Re: samba help

    This is really what's in the file smb.conf, after one takes out the comments and default settings, and double entries (I did this so I couls "see" it better):
    [global]
    workgroup = GALAXY
    server string = %h server
    map to guest = Bad User
    obey pam restrictions = Yes
    pam password change = Yes
    passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
    passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .
    unix password sync = Yes
    syslog = 0
    log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
    max log size = 1000
    name resolve order = bcast lmhosts host wins
    dns proxy = No
    usershare allow guests = Yes
    panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d

    [homes]
    comment = Home Directories
    valid users = %S
    create mask = 0700
    directory mask = 0700
    browseable = No

    [printers]
    comment = All Printers
    path = /var/spool/samba
    create mask = 0700
    printable = Yes
    browseable = No

    [print$]
    comment = Printer Drivers
    path = /var/lib/samba/printers

    [DaveHome]
    path = /home/dave
    read only = No
    guest ok = Yes
    You are trying to share /home/dave twice, once in [homes] and once in [DaveHome], and this will likely confuse the issue so I recommend you take out the [homes] share by putting # marks at the front:
    Code:
    #[homes]
    #        comment = Home Directories
    #        valid users = %S
    #        create mask = 0700
    #        directory mask = 0700
    #        browseable = No
    Now, the access to [DaveHome] is by "guest" access as setup in Samba. But the Linux permissions on /home/dave are drwxr-xr-x in favour of user dave. Samba and Linux permissions are not consistent and the guest cannot access, so make the code for [DaveHome}]like this to resolve the incosistency:
    Code:
    [DaveHome]
            path = /home/dave
            read only = No
            force user = dave
            guest ok = Yes
    Then you can enter as "guest" but operate as "dave" and all the permissions will be correct for naming, creating and changing files in there.
    Finally I recommend that you change the [global] stanza to be like this:
    Code:
    [global]
    workgroup = GALAXY
    netbios name = put a network name here, whatever you like
    server string = %h server
    map to guest = Bad User
    name resolve order = bcast host lmhosts wins  <-- I changed this
    usershare allow guests = Yes
    local master = yes
    preferred master = auto
    Finally, I note the firewall is off, OK. But what about the two other things?
    Leap 42.3 & 15.1 &KDE
    FYIs from the days of yore

  5. #5

    Default Re: samba help

    Everything seems to be working now. I enabled the windows firewall again, disabled it, restarted multiple times, and enabled file sharing again on the XP machine and all is well. Files are transferable from linux to windows and windows to linux.

  6. #6
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    Default Re: samba help

    Excellent, you won't need to make any changes along the lines I suggested.
    Leap 42.3 & 15.1 &KDE
    FYIs from the days of yore

  7. #7

    Default Re: samba help

    Quote Originally Posted by swerdna View Post
    Excellent, you won't need to make any changes along the lines I suggested.
    for some reason your post wasn't visible when I replied earlier. It appears that smb.conf was the one generated by Yast. I originally copied and pasted my own copy, but I guess sometime in between that yast overwrote my other copy.

    Even though it's working, I'm going to have more questions in a bit. I need to sleep.

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