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Thread: Opensuse 11..2 Need some advise compiling new Kernel 2.6.35.4 from source

  1. #1

    Default Opensuse 11..2 Need some advise compiling new Kernel 2.6.35.4 from source

    Hi Team,

    I had a couple questions with regards to compiling kernels from source,

    http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kern...6.35.4.tar.bz2

    Using the following guide, as a reference -
    OpenSUSE 11.2 - How to compile a Kernel for Newbies - Linux Tweaking - http://linuxtweaking.blogspot.com

    After extracting the tar safely to the destination /usr/src/linux I had the following the directory /usr/src/linux/linux-2.6.35.4/ wondering should I have extracted the files so that all sub folders listed below fall under /usr/src/linux instead of having
    /usr/src/linux/linux-2.6.35.4/ be the parent directory?

    drwxr-xr-x 23 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 ./
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2010-08-27 12:45 ../
    drwxr-xr-x 25 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 arch/
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 block/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 18693 2010-08-26 16:47 COPYING
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 94031 2010-08-26 16:47 CREDITS
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 crypto/
    drwxr-xr-x 85 root root 12288 2010-08-26 16:47 Documentation/
    drwxr-xr-x 89 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 drivers/
    drwxr-xr-x 36 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 firmware/
    drwxr-xr-x 72 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 fs/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 936 2010-08-26 16:47 .gitignore
    drwxr-xr-x 20 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 include/
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 init/
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 ipc/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2440 2010-08-26 16:47 Kbuild
    drwxr-xr-x 8 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 kernel/
    drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 lib/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4021 2010-08-26 16:47 .mailmap
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 174535 2010-08-26 16:47 MAINTAINERS
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 51256 2010-08-26 16:47 Makefile
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 mm/
    drwxr-xr-x 50 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 net/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 17459 2010-08-26 16:47 README
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 3371 2010-08-26 16:47 REPORTING-BUGS
    drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 samples/
    drwxr-xr-x 12 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 scripts/
    drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 security/
    drwxr-xr-x 21 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 sound/
    drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 tools/
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 usr/
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 virt/

    Of course with all this being said and done while in root, prior to making the makeconfig file.

    Should I've made a sybmolic link to the source ln -s /usr/src/linux/linux-2.6.35.4/ linux

    Then I had issue with the make cloneconfig? the was concern without making the symbolic link to the directory I received the following message -

    /usr/src/linux/linux-2.6.35.4 # make cloneconfig
    HOSTCC scripts/basic/fixdep
    HOSTCC scripts/basic/docproc
    HOSTCC scripts/basic/hash
    make[1]: *** No rule to make target `cloneconfig'. Stop.
    make: *** [cloneconfig] Error 2

    Which brings to the next message in the tutorial it asked to check off under yast->software management-> view by patterns-> The Linux Kernel Development>

    However by doing so, the only package required is patterns-openSUSE-devel_kernel wondering should I need the following packages, in addition -

    cscope - Interactive Tool for Browsing C Source Code
    diffstat - Utility That Provides Statistics Based on the Output of diff
    git-core - Core git tools
    gitk - Git revision tree visualiser
    indent - Indent Formats C Source Code
    kernel-syms - Kernel Symbol Versions (modversions)
    patchutils - A Collection of Tools for Manipulating Patch Files
    quilt - A Tool for Working with Many Patches

    And Under Base Development Packages-
    build - A Script to Build SUSE Linux RPMs

    Please keep in mind GCC is already installed, and sources files should come from /usr/src/linux or should I need the source from my current
    kernel-default-.6.31.12-0.2

    Any support regarding this matter would be great?

  2. #2
    Join Date
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    Default Re: Opensuse 11..2 Need some advise compiling new Kernel 2.6.35.4from source

    Quote Originally Posted by suselizard32
    Hi Team,

    I had a couple questions with regards to compiling kernels from
    source,

    http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kern...6.35.4.tar.bz2

    Using the following guide, as a reference -
    'OpenSUSE 11.2 - How to compile a Kernel for Newbies - Linux Tweaking -
    http://linuxtweaking.blogspot.com' (http://tinyurl.com/y6jd5zy)

    After extracting the tar safely to the destination /usr/src/linux I had
    the following the directory /usr/src/linux/linux-2.6.35.4/ wondering
    should I have extracted the files so that all sub folders listed below
    fall under /usr/src/linux instead of having
    /usr/src/linux/linux-2.6.35.4/ be the parent directory?

    drwxr-xr-x 23 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 ./
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2010-08-27 12:45 ../
    drwxr-xr-x 25 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 arch/
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 block/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 18693 2010-08-26 16:47 COPYING
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 94031 2010-08-26 16:47 CREDITS
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 crypto/
    drwxr-xr-x 85 root root 12288 2010-08-26 16:47 Documentation/
    drwxr-xr-x 89 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 drivers/
    drwxr-xr-x 36 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 firmware/
    drwxr-xr-x 72 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 fs/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 936 2010-08-26 16:47 .gitignore
    drwxr-xr-x 20 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 include/
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 init/
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 ipc/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2440 2010-08-26 16:47 Kbuild
    drwxr-xr-x 8 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 kernel/
    drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 lib/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4021 2010-08-26 16:47 .mailmap
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 174535 2010-08-26 16:47 MAINTAINERS
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 51256 2010-08-26 16:47 Makefile
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 mm/
    drwxr-xr-x 50 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 net/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 17459 2010-08-26 16:47 README
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 3371 2010-08-26 16:47 REPORTING-BUGS
    drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 samples/
    drwxr-xr-x 12 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 scripts/
    drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 security/
    drwxr-xr-x 21 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 sound/
    drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 tools/
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 usr/
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2010-08-26 16:47 virt/

    Of course with all this being said and done while in root, prior to
    making the makeconfig file.

    Should I've made a sybmolic link to the source ln -s
    /usr/src/linux/linux-2.6.35.4/ linux

    Then I had issue with the make cloneconfig? the was concern without
    making the symbolic link to the directory I received the following
    message -

    /usr/src/linux/linux-2.6.35.4 # make cloneconfig
    HOSTCC scripts/basic/fixdep
    HOSTCC scripts/basic/docproc
    HOSTCC scripts/basic/hash
    make[1]: *** No rule to make target `cloneconfig'. Stop.
    make: *** [cloneconfig] Error 2

    Which brings to the next message in the tutorial it asked to check off
    under yast->software management-> view by patterns-> The Linux Kernel
    Development>

    However by doing so, the only package required is
    patterns-openSUSE-devel_kernel wondering should I need the following
    packages, in addition -

    cscope - Interactive Tool for Browsing C Source Code
    diffstat - Utility That Provides Statistics Based on the Output of
    diff
    git-core - Core git tools
    gitk - Git revision tree visualiser
    indent - Indent Formats C Source Code
    kernel-syms - Kernel Symbol Versions (modversions)
    patchutils - A Collection of Tools for Manipulating Patch Files
    quilt - A Tool for Working with Many Patches

    And Under Base Development Packages-
    build - A Script to Build SUSE Linux RPMs

    Please keep in mind GCC is already installed, and sources files should
    come from /usr/src/linux or should I need the source from my current
    kernel-default-.6.31.12-0.2

    Any support regarding this matter would be great?

    Hi
    No need to do any of that, plus compiling as root user is just asking
    for problems.....

    See user lwfingers simple method here;
    http://forums.opensuse.org/english/g...ml#post2036276

    Else look at using the one from kernel head

    --
    Cheers Malcolm (Linux Counter #276890)
    openSUSE 11.3 (x86_64) Kernel 2.6.34-12-default
    up 7 days 1:18, 2 users, load average: 0.00, 0.03, 0.00
    GPU GeForce 8600 GTS Silent - Driver Version: 256.44


  3. #3

    Default Re: Opensuse 11..2 Need some advise compiling new Kernel 2.6.35.4from source

    However simple in approach, still abit narrow

    <Rick is a little pessimistic. I have been compiling kernels for a long
    time. If you follow a few simple rules, then you will have no difficulty.

    (1) _NEVER_ build a kernel as root. It may not cause a problem;
    however, the kernel build scripts are quite complicated. At one time,
    anyone building their kernel as root had the system file /dev/null
    corrupted. That caused all kinds of funny things to happen.

    (2) After you load the source onto your computer, change directory to
    the root of that source and execute the following code:

    Code:
    cp /proc/config.gz .
    gunzip config.gz
    cp config .configThese steps will create a configuration that matches your running
    kernel. It is not the most efficient, but it will work. Once you have
    it working, you can reconfigure and eliminate pieces you don't need.
    That will compile faster and reduce the size. BTW, I am deliberately
    not telling you what the above commands represent. That is homework.

    (3) Build and install the new kernel with the following:

    Code:
    make
    sudo make modules_install install(4) The second of the above commands will install the kernel and add
    it to the GRUB menu. Leave the standard kernel in the menu just in
    case the new one will not boot.

    (5) Be prepared to have to "build from scratch" any out-of-kernel
    drivers that you use. This list will include the 3D acceleration for
    ATI or nVidia graphics cards. In addition, a standard kernel will not
    have AppArmor available.>


    I would have rather have Opensuse 11.2 make rpm allowing the systems linker to automaticly take care of any dependencies it may have. I would also have an easier method of the uninstalling the kernel any incase I needed to do so? And yes your right with regards to compiling things as root.

    Qoute:
    To build your kernel as an RPM package type the following,

    make rpm
    You can watch the compile if you wish, maybe have a cup of tea...and biscuits!

    When the compile has finished, the new kernel needs to be installed.

    cd /usr/src/packages/RPMS/x86_64

    End Qoute:
    Last edited by suselizard32; 27-Aug-2010 at 17:28. Reason: Qoute Remarks

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
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    Default Re: Opensuse 11..2 Need some advise compiling new Kernel 2.6.35.4from source

    Quote Originally Posted by suselizard32
    However simple in approach, still abit narrow

    <Rick is a little pessimistic. I have been compiling kernels for a
    long
    time. If you follow a few simple rules, then you will have no
    difficulty.

    (1) _NEVER_ build a kernel as root. It may not cause a problem;
    however, the kernel build scripts are quite complicated. At one time,
    anyone building their kernel as root had the system file /dev/null
    corrupted. That caused all kinds of funny things to happen.

    (2) After you load the source onto your computer, change directory to
    the root of that source and execute the following code:

    Code:
    cp /proc/config.gz .
    gunzip config.gz
    cp config .configThese steps will create a configuration that matches
    your running
    kernel. It is not the most efficient, but it will work. Once you have
    it working, you can reconfigure and eliminate pieces you don't need.
    That will compile faster and reduce the size. BTW, I am deliberately
    not telling you what the above commands represent. That is homework.

    (3) Build and install the new kernel with the following:

    Code:
    make
    sudo make modules_install install(4) The second of the above commands
    will install the kernel and add
    it to the GRUB menu. Leave the standard kernel in the menu just in
    case the new one will not boot.

    (5) Be prepared to have to "build from scratch" any out-of-kernel
    drivers that you use. This list will include the 3D acceleration for
    ATI or nVidia graphics cards. In addition, a standard kernel will not
    have AppArmor available.>


    I would have rather have Opensuse 11.2 make rpm allowing the systems
    linker to automaticly take care of any dependencies it may have. I would
    also have an easier method of the uninstalling the kernel any incase I
    needed to do so? And yes your right with regards to compiling things as
    root.

    Qoute:
    To build your kernel as an RPM package type the following,

    make rpm
    You can watch the compile if you wish, maybe have a cup of tea...and
    biscuits!

    When the compile has finished, the new kernel needs to be installed.

    cd /usr/src/packages/RPMS/x86_64

    End Qoute:

    How so?, download the kernel-source in your working directory, say
    ~/kernel_work/ cd to it and run the commands....

    --
    Cheers Malcolm (Linux Counter #276890)
    openSUSE 11.3 (x86_64) Kernel 2.6.34-12-default
    up 7 days 2:57, 2 users, load average: 0.17, 0.20, 0.12
    GPU GeForce 8600 GTS Silent - Driver Version: 256.44


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