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Thread: Help in creating partition?

  1. #1
    crayes5735 NNTP User

    Default Help in creating partition?

    Hi, i'm kinda new so please advice and teach/guide me ok?
    Thx in advance... ^^

    Ok i need to configure a new partition on the hard disk ( tried with yast and yast2 it's success... ) but totally clueless just by using command line... i tried but failed...

    below is the partition details :

    -i wan to create a new linux primary logical partition. size = 2GB

    -and then create a new ext3 file system on the new logical partition.

    -After that mount the new ext3 file system to the new mount point named/database

    -and lasty make the new mount points as permanent so when the pc is reboot the mount point will mount automaticly.

    Please guide me with me all the step/procedure to configure the network card here? ( Yast and Yast2 are disable this time. )want to learn it by using just command line?

    I'm new and trying to learn here so thanks in advance ^^

  2. #2

    Default Re: Help in creating partition?

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    Well, a few things. First, you cannot have a "primary logical partition"
    as primary and logical are mutually exclusive. Another type is 'extended'
    which must exist for you to have 'logical' partitions (as logical
    partitions are created within the extended partition). None of this is
    really Linux-specific.

    It could also be useful to know your OpenSUSE version and current
    partitioning schema. You need to know your device that represents your
    hard drive to do this so let's pretend it is /dev/sda (could also be
    /dev/sdb, /dev/hda, /dev/hdb, /dev/somethingElse, etc.). To show the
    partitions use the following command:

    sudo /sbin/fdisk -l /dev/sda

    Hopefully this will not only show you your partitions but will tell you
    that you have a free partition (either primary or extended with room for
    logical partitions) and space to create partitions in. If not then you
    are basically done at this point until you add another hard drive (logical
    or physical) to your machine. Let's pretend you do. In this pretend
    scenario you have /dev/sda1, /dev/sda2, and /dev/sda3, but have not used
    all of your space. Load fdisk:

    sudo /sbin/fdisk /dev/sda

    Now create a new partition: n
    It will ask you what type (primary for now), what number (4), what size
    (just use the defaults) and may ask you the type (83, Linux). Within
    fdisk type 'p' to print the current partition table. Did I mention you
    should have a backup before doing any of this? It's not too late; use 'q'
    to quit without saving changes. If you like your changes use 'w' to write
    your changes to the disk. If you did everything properly you should not
    do any harm.

    Next you need to "format" the new partition with a filesystem. For ext3:

    sudo /sbin/mkfs.ext3 /dev/sda4

    Once done you need to mount it:

    mkdir /database
    mount /dev/sda3 /database

    To make it stick modify your /etc/fstab file adding something like the
    following:

    /dev/sda4 /database ext3 defaults 1 1

    Good luck.





    crayes5735 wrote:
    > Hi, i'm kinda new so please advice and teach/guide me ok?
    > Thx in advance... ^^
    >
    > Ok i need to configure a new partition on the hard disk ( tried with
    > yast and yast2 it's success... ) but totally clueless just by using
    > command line... i tried but failed...
    >
    > below is the partition details :
    >
    > -i wan to create a new linux primary logical partition. size = 2GB
    >
    > -and then create a new ext3 file system on the new logical partition.
    >
    > -After that mount the new ext3 file system to the new mount point
    > named/database
    >
    > -and lasty make the new mount points as permanent so when the pc is
    > reboot the mount point will mount automaticly.
    >
    > Please guide me with me all the step/procedure to configure the network
    > card here? ( Yast and Yast2 are disable this time. )want to learn it by
    > using just command line?
    >
    > I'm new and trying to learn here so thanks in advance ^^
    >
    >

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  3. #3
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    Ardrishaig, Argyll. Scotland UK - GMT/BST
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    Default Re: Help in creating partition?

    I would use a live utility CD like Parted Magic
    Downloads

    Once you have the partition in place
    Please open a terminal and become su and do:

    Code:
    fdisk -l
    post result

    along with the result of this from a terminal
    Code:
    cat /etc/fstab
    Tumbleweed_KDE
    My Articles Was I any help? If yes: Click the star below

  4. #4

    Default Re: Help in creating partition?

    -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
    Hash: SHA1

    Also, check out the 'fdisk' man page.

    Good luck.






    ab@novell.com wrote:
    > Well, a few things. First, you cannot have a "primary logical partition"
    > as primary and logical are mutually exclusive. Another type is 'extended'
    > which must exist for you to have 'logical' partitions (as logical
    > partitions are created within the extended partition). None of this is
    > really Linux-specific.
    >
    > It could also be useful to know your OpenSUSE version and current
    > partitioning schema. You need to know your device that represents your
    > hard drive to do this so let's pretend it is /dev/sda (could also be
    > /dev/sdb, /dev/hda, /dev/hdb, /dev/somethingElse, etc.). To show the
    > partitions use the following command:
    >
    > sudo /sbin/fdisk -l /dev/sda
    >
    > Hopefully this will not only show you your partitions but will tell you
    > that you have a free partition (either primary or extended with room for
    > logical partitions) and space to create partitions in. If not then you
    > are basically done at this point until you add another hard drive (logical
    > or physical) to your machine. Let's pretend you do. In this pretend
    > scenario you have /dev/sda1, /dev/sda2, and /dev/sda3, but have not used
    > all of your space. Load fdisk:
    >
    > sudo /sbin/fdisk /dev/sda
    >
    > Now create a new partition: n
    > It will ask you what type (primary for now), what number (4), what size
    > (just use the defaults) and may ask you the type (83, Linux). Within
    > fdisk type 'p' to print the current partition table. Did I mention you
    > should have a backup before doing any of this? It's not too late; use 'q'
    > to quit without saving changes. If you like your changes use 'w' to write
    > your changes to the disk. If you did everything properly you should not
    > do any harm.
    >
    > Next you need to "format" the new partition with a filesystem. For ext3:
    >
    > sudo /sbin/mkfs.ext3 /dev/sda4
    >
    > Once done you need to mount it:
    >
    > mkdir /database
    > mount /dev/sda3 /database
    >
    > To make it stick modify your /etc/fstab file adding something like the
    > following:
    >
    > /dev/sda4 /database ext3 defaults 1 1
    >
    > Good luck.
    >
    >
    >
    >
    >
    > crayes5735 wrote:
    >> Hi, i'm kinda new so please advice and teach/guide me ok?
    >> Thx in advance... ^^

    >
    >> Ok i need to configure a new partition on the hard disk ( tried with
    >> yast and yast2 it's success... ) but totally clueless just by using
    >> command line... i tried but failed...

    >
    >> below is the partition details :

    >
    >> -i wan to create a new linux primary logical partition. size = 2GB

    >
    >> -and then create a new ext3 file system on the new logical partition.

    >
    >> -After that mount the new ext3 file system to the new mount point
    >> named/database

    >
    >> -and lasty make the new mount points as permanent so when the pc is
    >> reboot the mount point will mount automaticly.

    >
    >> Please guide me with me all the step/procedure to configure the network
    >> card here? ( Yast and Yast2 are disable this time. )want to learn it by
    >> using just command line?

    >
    >> I'm new and trying to learn here so thanks in advance ^^

    >
    >

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  5. #5
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
    Location
    Seattle, WA
    Posts
    17,345

    Default Re: Help in creating partition?

    On Thu, 29 Oct 2009 02:56:01 +0000, crayes5735 wrote:

    > below is the partition details :
    >
    > -i wan to create a new linux primary logical partition. size = 2GB
    >
    > -and then create a new ext3 file system on the new logical partition.
    >
    > -After that mount the new ext3 file system to the new mount point
    > named/database
    >
    > -and lasty make the new mount points as permanent so when the pc is
    > reboot the mount point will mount automaticly.


    Have a look at the man pages for fdisk, mkfs, and fstab.

    You'll tend to learn better if you aren't just fed the answers. :-)

    Jim

    --
    Jim Henderson
    openSUSE Forums Moderator

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Location
    Netherlands
    Posts
    30,466

    Default Re: Help in creating partition?

    Quote Originally Posted by crayes5735 View Post
    -i wan to create a new linux primary logical partition. size = 2GB
    As caf said, you are missing some important background here. Aarat from his information you could read SDB:Basics of partitions, filesystems, mount points - openSUSE.
    Henk van Velden

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