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Thread: File types

  1. #1

    Default File types

    Hi everyone;
    Would u please tell me what are the file types in OpenSuse?

  2. #2
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    Default Re: File types

    You have to be kidding.
    The list is endless.
    Many are similar in their extension as in other OS's.

    eg; .avi | .jpg | .mp3 | .txt |

    otherwise programs are generally installed with .rpm
    usually via zypper
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  3. #3
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    Default Re: File types

    Quote Originally Posted by tamer79 View Post
    Hi everyone;
    Would u please tell me what are the file types in OpenSuse?
    What do you mean by filetypes? In Unix/Linux every file is just a string of bytes. What those bytes mean is up to the program that makes/read them. So there are as many interpretations as there are (combinations of) programs and thus you could talk about a type of file when you know what it's purpose is. Though the Operating System Linux does not mind.

    People often try to make it easier to understand what a file is about, by giving it ilustrative names. This often leads to names ending in an part starting with a . (dot). So a file having a name ending in .html MAY contain HTML code of some version of the HTML specification, or not.

    Also files themself (the contents) often start in a unique (hopefully) byte combination (magic number), but this is by no mean standardized (see Magic number (programming) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Also the shebang (#!....) at the beginning of many scripting language programs is such a thing.

    The utility files (do man files to read all about it) does an intelligent guess about which type of file it reads.
    Henk van Velden

  4. #4

    Default Re: File types

    First of all, thanks for this clarification. What I mean by file types is I saw new (at least to me) extensions like .tg. And I need to know these extensions just to elaborate my knowledge with Linux.

    The other thing I wanna be professional in this software (Linux), and I am trying to convince my friends to migrate to Linux and they doubted that it has the same capabilities like MS-Windows. Some argue it is not support some famous applications like Auto-cad and photo-shop. I really dunno what to tell 'em. If there are any websites that help in being professional in Linux esp. OpenSuse, please tell me.

    Again I really appreciate your help!

  5. #5
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    Default Re: File types

    If you are running KDE find File Associations in Settings or Configure Konqueror and enter any file ending in the window provided and it will tell you what programs it thinks will read the file.

    Of course, the purpose of this facility is to add/change what KDE already knows about. So you may come across a file type it doesn't know about. But it knows all the common ones.

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    Default Re: File types

    File extensions is something from MS-DOS and offspring. Often it looks as if they are used in Linux. But it is only a convention and in fact the . (dot) is just a character as every other in a filename.
    In MS-DOS the . (dot) is used to express the boundary between the filename and the extension in readable form. They are two different fields which together specify a file identification.

    For things like Auto-cad and Photo-shop search this Forum because those questions are asked already IMHO. IIRC the Gimp is seen as the Open Source program for Photo-shop like functions.
    Henk van Velden

  7. #7
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    Default Re: File types

    I was typing synchronous to john_hudson
    He also gives you an aspect of this subject: the automatic binding of an application/program to files that:
    . have there filenames ending in a particular .nnn code (as I explained earlier)
    . also the binding to files coming from the internet with a MIME type (e.g. text/html). Look for this in Wikipedia.

    Also as an afterthought, when you are looking for software on Linux doing the same things as MS applications take a look here: The table of equivalents / replacements / analogs of Windows software in Linux. (Official site of the table)
    and sites like this (I found them with a google search for "linux replacements applications")

    When you have more specific questions, like the one about a replacement for Photo shop, you better make a new thread in the "Looking for something" subforum with an usefull subject.
    Henk van Velden

  8. #8

    Default Re: File types

    Thanks to all of you. I really appreciate it esp. the link of replacement. From now on, I can find any software replacement.
    Thanks again!

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