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Thread: Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

  1. #1

    Question Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

    Hi all,
    I'm facing now problem with GRUB. After upgradin from OpenSuse 11.3 to 12.1 I had problem with setting GRUB - GRUB didn't start after power on. Now it starts and I'm able to choose OpenSuse but if I choose WinXP it again starts GRUB (with the countdown and running of default OS). If I use Super Grub Disk 2 I don't see XP in detected OS list.
    Is there some way how to start XP.

    Thanks for any help

    Lova

  2. #2

    Default Re: Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

    It's possible to make Grub chainloading itself and boot in circles. The entry supposed to boot XP chainloads the wrong partition.
    It can be fixed with a tool like updategrub, which should add the correct entry to the boot menu, or by editing /boot/grub/menu.lst manually. findgrub can help you find the right partition, but in your case - with XP - it might be pretty obvious, I guess. Posting the output of the following command will probably already tell us which one it is:

    Code:
    sudo /sbin/fdisk -l

  3. #3

    Default Re: Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

    So:
    updategrub gives me to my surprise
    Code:
    No other operating systems found
    fdisk -l gives me
    Code:
    Disk /dev/sda: 250,1 GB, 250 058 268 160 bajtů
    hlav: 255, sektorů na stopu: 63, cylindrů: 30 401, celkem 488 395 055 sektorů
    Jednotky = sektory po 1 * 512 = 512 bajtech
    Velikost sektoru (logického/fyzického): 512 bajtů / 512 bajtů
    Velikost I/O (minimální/optimální): 512 bajtů / 512 bajtů
    Identifikátor disku: 0x00070a0a
    
    Zařízení Zavádět   Začátek       Konec    Bloky    Id  Systém
    /dev/sda1   *          63    81915434    40957686    7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sda2        81915435   112631714    15358140   83  Linux
    /dev/sda4       112631715   488392064   187880175    5  Rozšířený
    /dev/sda5       121033710   318842054    98904172+   7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sda6       318842118   488392064    84774973+  83  Linux
    /dev/sda7       112631841   121033709     4200934+  82  Linux swap/Solaris
    
    Diskové oddíly jsou chybně seřazeny
    
    Disk /dev/sdb: 500,1 GB, 500 106 780 160 bajtů
    hlav: 255, sektorů na stopu: 63, cylindrů: 60 801, celkem 976 771 055 sektorů
    Jednotky = sektory po 1 * 512 = 512 bajtech
    Velikost sektoru (logického/fyzického): 512 bajtů / 512 bajtů
    Velikost I/O (minimální/optimální): 512 bajtů / 512 bajtů
    Identifikátor disku: 0x5bd4b322
    
    Zařízení Zavádět   Začátek       Konec    Bloky    Id  Systém
    /dev/sdb1   *          63   322328159   161164048+   7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sdb2       322328160   976768064   327219952+   5  Rozšířený
    /dev/sdb5       648463725   976768064   164152170    7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sdb6       322328286   648463724   163067719+   7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    
    Diskové oddíly jsou chybně seřazeny
    
    Disk /dev/sdc: 255 MB, 255 852 544 bajtů
    hlav: 16, sektorů na stopu: 32, cylindrů: 976, celkem 499 712 sektorů
    Jednotky = sektory po 1 * 512 = 512 bajtech
    Velikost sektoru (logického/fyzického): 512 bajtů / 512 bajtů
    Velikost I/O (minimální/optimální): 512 bajtů / 512 bajtů
    Identifikátor disku: 0xacfe0394
    and here is /boot/grub/menu.lst
    Code:
    # Modified by YaST2. Last modification on Ne pro  4 23:48:16 CET 2011
    # THIS FILE WILL BE PARTIALLY OVERWRITTEN by perl-Bootloader
    # For the new kernel it try to figure out old parameters. In case we are not able to recognize it (e.g. change of flavor or strang
    e install order ) it it use as fallback installation parameters from /etc/sysconfig/bootloader
    
    default 0
    timeout 8
    ##YaST - generic_mbr
    gfxmenu (hd0,1)/boot/message
    ##YaST - activate
    
    ###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: linux###
    title Desktop -- openSUSE 12.1 - 3.1.0-1.2
        root (hd0,1)
        kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.1.0-1.2-desktop root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-WDC_WD2500JS-55NCB1_WD-WCANKF963931-part2 resume=/dev/disk/by-
    id/ata-WDC_WD2500JS-55NCB1_WD-WCANKF963931-part7 splash=silent quiet showopts vga=0x31a
        initrd /boot/initrd-3.1.0-1.2-desktop
    
    ###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: failsafe###
    title Failsafe -- openSUSE 12.1 - 3.1.0-1.2 (desktop)
        root (hd0,1)
        kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.1.0-1.2-desktop root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-WDC_WD2500JS-55NCB1_WD-WCANKF963931-part2 showopts apm=off nor
    esume edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 nomodeset x11failsafe vga=0x31a
        initrd /boot/initrd-3.1.0-1.2-desktop
    
    ###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: windows###
    title Windows XP
        map (hd0) (hd0)
        map (hd0) (hd0)
        rootnoverify (hd0,0)
        makeactive
        chainloader +1
    ###Don't change this comment - Added by updategrub Mon Dec  5 20:37:27 CET 2011###
    Do you have some more recomendations what to try?

    Thanks

    Lova

  4. #4

    Default Re: Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

    Now I see that fdisk -l was in czech so here it is in english:
    Code:
    Disk /dev/sda: 250.1 GB, 250058268160 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30401 cylinders, total 488395055 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x00070a0a
    
       Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
    /dev/sda1   *          63    81915434    40957686    7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sda2        81915435   112631714    15358140   83  Linux
    /dev/sda4       112631715   488392064   187880175    5  Extended
    /dev/sda5       121033710   318842054    98904172+   7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sda6       318842118   488392064    84774973+  83  Linux
    /dev/sda7       112631841   121033709     4200934+  82  Linux swap / Solaris
    
    Partition table entries are not in disk order
    
    Disk /dev/sdb: 500.1 GB, 500106780160 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976771055 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x5bd4b322
    
       Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
    /dev/sdb1   *          63   322328159   161164048+   7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sdb2       322328160   976768064   327219952+   5  Extended
    /dev/sdb5       648463725   976768064   164152170    7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sdb6       322328286   648463724   163067719+   7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    
    Partition table entries are not in disk order
    
    Disk /dev/sdc: 255 MB, 255852544 bytes
    16 heads, 32 sectors/track, 976 cylinders, total 499712 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0xacfe0394

  5. #5

    Default Re: Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

    Quote Originally Posted by lova73 View Post
    So:
    updategrub gives me to my surprise
    Code:
    No other operating systems found
    Hummm ... Maybe it doesn't understand czech either. Can you try in a termnal after changing the locale settings?

    Quote Originally Posted by lova73 View Post
    and here is /boot/grub/menu.lst
    Code:
    # Modified by YaST2. Last modification on Ne pro  4 23:48:16 CET 2011
    # THIS FILE WILL BE PARTIALLY OVERWRITTEN by perl-Bootloader
    # For the new kernel it try to figure out old parameters. In case we are not able to recognize it (e.g. change of flavor or strang
    e install order ) it it use as fallback installation parameters from /etc/sysconfig/bootloader
    
    default 0
    timeout 8
    ##YaST - generic_mbr
    gfxmenu (hd0,1)/boot/message
    ##YaST - activate
    
    ###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: linux###
    title Desktop -- openSUSE 12.1 - 3.1.0-1.2
        root (hd0,1)
        kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.1.0-1.2-desktop root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-WDC_WD2500JS-55NCB1_WD-WCANKF963931-part2 resume=/dev/disk/by-
    id/ata-WDC_WD2500JS-55NCB1_WD-WCANKF963931-part7 splash=silent quiet showopts vga=0x31a
        initrd /boot/initrd-3.1.0-1.2-desktop
    
    ###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: failsafe###
    title Failsafe -- openSUSE 12.1 - 3.1.0-1.2 (desktop)
        root (hd0,1)
        kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.1.0-1.2-desktop root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-WDC_WD2500JS-55NCB1_WD-WCANKF963931-part2 showopts apm=off nor
    esume edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 nomodeset x11failsafe vga=0x31a
        initrd /boot/initrd-3.1.0-1.2-desktop
    
    ###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: windows###
    title Windows XP
        map (hd0) (hd0)
        map (hd0) (hd0)
        rootnoverify (hd0,0)
        makeactive
        chainloader +1
    ###Don't change this comment - Added by updategrub Mon Dec  5 20:37:27 CET 2011###
    Do you have some more recomendations what to try?
    I can already tell you that these map commands (in red) don't make sense. That would be either
    Code:
    map (hd0) (hd1)
    map (hd1) (hd0)
    or nothing.

    Your setup is not as simple as I thought. Please post the output of findgrub.

  6. #6

    Default Re: Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

    Quote Originally Posted by lova73 View Post
    Code:
    # Modified by YaST2. Last modification on Ne pro  4 23:48:16 CET 2011
    # THIS FILE WILL BE PARTIALLY OVERWRITTEN by perl-Bootloader
    # For the new kernel it try to figure out old parameters. In case we are not able to recognize it (e.g. change of flavor or strang
    e install order ) it it use as fallback installation parameters from /etc/sysconfig/bootloader
    
    default 0
    timeout 8
    ##YaST - generic_mbr
    gfxmenu (hd0,1)/boot/message
    ##YaST - activate
    
    ###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: linux###
    title Desktop -- openSUSE 12.1 - 3.1.0-1.2
        root (hd0,1)
        kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.1.0-1.2-desktop root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-WDC_WD2500JS-55NCB1_WD-WCANKF963931-part2 resume=/dev/disk/by-
    id/ata-WDC_WD2500JS-55NCB1_WD-WCANKF963931-part7 splash=silent quiet showopts vga=0x31a
        initrd /boot/initrd-3.1.0-1.2-desktop
    
    ###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: failsafe###
    title Failsafe -- openSUSE 12.1 - 3.1.0-1.2 (desktop)
        root (hd0,1)
        kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.1.0-1.2-desktop root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-WDC_WD2500JS-55NCB1_WD-WCANKF963931-part2 showopts apm=off nor
    esume edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 nomodeset x11failsafe vga=0x31a
        initrd /boot/initrd-3.1.0-1.2-desktop
    
    ###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: windows###
    title Windows XP
        map (hd0) (hd0)
        map (hd0) (hd0)
        rootnoverify (hd0,0)
        makeactive
        chainloader +1
    ###Don't change this comment - Added by updategrub Mon Dec  5 20:37:27 CET 2011###
    Oooops ... And the makeactive command is wrong too. Did you install Grub in your Windows partition???

  7. #7

    Default Re: Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

    here is findgrub output
    Code:
    Find Grub Version 3.5.1 - Written for openSUSE Forums
    
     - reading MBR on disk /dev/sda                       ...
     - searching partition /dev/sda1   *  (NTFS)          ...
     - reading bootsector  /dev/sda2      (LINUX)         ... --> Legacy GRUB  found in /dev/sda2   => sda2   0x83 (openSUSE)
     - reading bootsector  /dev/sda4      (Extended)      ...
     - searching partition /dev/sda5      (NTFS)          ...
     - reading bootsector  /dev/sda6      (LINUX)         ...
     - skipping partition  /dev/sda7      (swap)         
    
     - reading MBR on disk /dev/sdb                       ... --> Legacy GRUB  found in sdb MBR     => sdb2   0x5 (openSUSE)
     - searching partition /dev/sdb1   *  (NTFS)          ...
     - reading bootsector  /dev/sdb2      (Extended)      ...
     - searching partition /dev/sdb5      (NTFS)          ...
     - searching partition /dev/sdb6      (NTFS)          ...
    
     - reading MBR on disk /dev/sdc                       ...
     - searching partition /dev/sdc1   *  (FAT32)         ...
    Oooops ... And the makeactive command is wrong too. Did you install Grub in your Windows partition???
    The last what I did if I remember well was
    Code:
    grub
    root (hd0,1)
    setup(hd0,0)

  8. #8

    Default Re: Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

    Quote Originally Posted by lova73 View Post

    The last what I did if I remember well was
    Code:
    grub
    root (hd0,1)
    setup(hd0,0)
    This installed Grub stage1 in your Windows partition - as I suspected. findgrub didn't catch it because it doesn't check for Grub in NTFS partitions, but it couldn't find the XP bootloader either. And updategrub didn't find a Windows bootloader because there isn't any. It's a good news for me - it means that updategrub understands czech and so, I won't have to spend months giving it lessons. But it's a bad news for you, because you have to repair your XP now.

    setup(hd0,0) was the wrong command, that overwrote Windows bootsector in sda1.
    It should have been either setup (hd0,1) to install Grub in sda2 (but it is there already) or setup (hd0) to install it in the MBR of the first hard disk - assuming sda is the first hard disk, which is not sure. findgrub -M might give some info about how device names (sda,sdb) correspond to BIOS drives (hd0, hd1).

  9. #9

    Default Re: Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

    OK
    I'm going to repair win. I expect that it will help.
    So thank you for now. It was very useful for me to read your information.
    I'll write response about fixing the problem.

    lova

  10. #10

    Thumbs up Re: Unable boot Win XP - repetitive GRUB start

    please_try_again: Thank you a lot, now it is working well.
    win recovery CD
    R for recovery
    Code:
    fixmbr
    fixboot
    then I boot using Super Grub Disc 2
    from console
    Code:
    root (hd0,1)
    setup (hd0)
    and it works

    SOLVED

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